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Anti-biofilm properties of Satureja hortensis L. essential oil against periodontal pathogens.
Anaerobe. 2009 Aug; 15(4):164-7.A

Abstract

Essential oils of several plants are widely used in ethnomedicine for their antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties. However, very limited data exist on their use in connection to periodontal diseases. The aim of the present study was to investigate the bacterial growth inhibiting and anti-biofilm effects of Satureja hortensis L. (summer savory), Salvia fruticosa M. (sage), Lavandula stoechas L. (lavender), Myrtus communis L., and Juniperus communis L. (juniper) essential oils. Chemical compositions of the essential oils were analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, minimum inhibitor concentrations (MICs) with the agar dilution method, and anti-biofilm effects by the microplate biofilm assay. The toxicity of each essential oil was tested on cultured keratinocytes. Of the 5 essential oils, S. hortensis L. essential oil had the strongest growth inhibition effect. Subinhibitory dose of S. hortensis L. essential oil had anti-biofilm effects only against Prevotella nigrescens. Essential oils did not inhibit keratinocyte viability at the concentrations of 1 and 5 microl/ml, however at the concentration of 5 microl/ml epithelial cells detached from the culture well bottom. The present findings suggest that S. hortensis L. essential oil inhibits the growth of periodontal bacteria in the concentration that is safe on keratinocytes, however, in the subinhibitory concentration its anti-biofilm effect is limited.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Institute of Dentistry and Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Helsinki, Helsinki University Central Hospital, FI-00014 Helsinki, Finland. ulvi.gursoy@helsinki.fiNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19285147

Citation

Gursoy, Ulvi Kahraman, et al. "Anti-biofilm Properties of Satureja Hortensis L. Essential Oil Against Periodontal Pathogens." Anaerobe, vol. 15, no. 4, 2009, pp. 164-7.
Gursoy UK, Gursoy M, Gursoy OV, et al. Anti-biofilm properties of Satureja hortensis L. essential oil against periodontal pathogens. Anaerobe. 2009;15(4):164-7.
Gursoy, U. K., Gursoy, M., Gursoy, O. V., Cakmakci, L., Könönen, E., & Uitto, V. J. (2009). Anti-biofilm properties of Satureja hortensis L. essential oil against periodontal pathogens. Anaerobe, 15(4), 164-7. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anaerobe.2009.02.004
Gursoy UK, et al. Anti-biofilm Properties of Satureja Hortensis L. Essential Oil Against Periodontal Pathogens. Anaerobe. 2009;15(4):164-7. PubMed PMID: 19285147.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Anti-biofilm properties of Satureja hortensis L. essential oil against periodontal pathogens. AU - Gursoy,Ulvi Kahraman, AU - Gursoy,Mervi, AU - Gursoy,Orhan Vedat, AU - Cakmakci,Lutfu, AU - Könönen,Eija, AU - Uitto,Veli-Jukka, Y1 - 2009/03/11/ PY - 2008/11/05/received PY - 2009/02/18/revised PY - 2009/02/25/accepted PY - 2009/3/17/entrez PY - 2009/3/17/pubmed PY - 2009/10/2/medline SP - 164 EP - 7 JF - Anaerobe JO - Anaerobe VL - 15 IS - 4 N2 - Essential oils of several plants are widely used in ethnomedicine for their antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties. However, very limited data exist on their use in connection to periodontal diseases. The aim of the present study was to investigate the bacterial growth inhibiting and anti-biofilm effects of Satureja hortensis L. (summer savory), Salvia fruticosa M. (sage), Lavandula stoechas L. (lavender), Myrtus communis L., and Juniperus communis L. (juniper) essential oils. Chemical compositions of the essential oils were analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, minimum inhibitor concentrations (MICs) with the agar dilution method, and anti-biofilm effects by the microplate biofilm assay. The toxicity of each essential oil was tested on cultured keratinocytes. Of the 5 essential oils, S. hortensis L. essential oil had the strongest growth inhibition effect. Subinhibitory dose of S. hortensis L. essential oil had anti-biofilm effects only against Prevotella nigrescens. Essential oils did not inhibit keratinocyte viability at the concentrations of 1 and 5 microl/ml, however at the concentration of 5 microl/ml epithelial cells detached from the culture well bottom. The present findings suggest that S. hortensis L. essential oil inhibits the growth of periodontal bacteria in the concentration that is safe on keratinocytes, however, in the subinhibitory concentration its anti-biofilm effect is limited. SN - 1095-8274 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19285147/Anti_biofilm_properties_of_Satureja_hortensis_L__essential_oil_against_periodontal_pathogens_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1075-9964(09)00045-6 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -