[Recombinant erythropoietin in autologous blood donation].Anaesthesist 1991; 40(7):386-90A
As a result of the AIDS crisis, public and physician pressure have increased the utilization of autologous blood products. Attitudes about homologous blood transfusion, however, have changed dramatically in recent years. A large segment of the population undergoing elective surgery is elderly and therefore has a significant incidence of cardiovascular disease and a slow response of the erythropoietic system when acute anemia occurs. However, preoperative autologous blood donation programs require 2-5 weeks to complete; the average yield is only 2.2 units per patient. As a consequence, autologous predonation is underused and homologous transfusion cannot be completely avoided in all patients. For several years recombinant human erythropoietin (rHuEPO) has been available and has been successfully used in the treatment of patients with renal anemia. This study evaluated the effect of r-HuEPO on patients with preoperative autologous blood collection.