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[Recombinant erythropoietin in autologous blood donation].
Anaesthesist 1991; 40(7):386-90A

Abstract

As a result of the AIDS crisis, public and physician pressure have increased the utilization of autologous blood products. Attitudes about homologous blood transfusion, however, have changed dramatically in recent years. A large segment of the population undergoing elective surgery is elderly and therefore has a significant incidence of cardiovascular disease and a slow response of the erythropoietic system when acute anemia occurs. However, preoperative autologous blood donation programs require 2-5 weeks to complete; the average yield is only 2.2 units per patient. As a consequence, autologous predonation is underused and homologous transfusion cannot be completely avoided in all patients. For several years recombinant human erythropoietin (rHuEPO) has been available and has been successfully used in the treatment of patients with renal anemia. This study evaluated the effect of r-HuEPO on patients with preoperative autologous blood collection.

METHODS.

Ten patients of both sexes scheduled for hip arthroplasty underwent a preoperative autologous program. During a period of 23 days prior to surgery autologous blood donation was performed with 7.5 ml/kg withdrawal on four occasions, the last one 5 days prior to surgery. Five patients were randomly treated with subcutaneous injections of rHuEPO (Erypo, Cilag GmbH, Sulzbach; Distributor: Fresenius AG, Oberursel, FRG) 200 IU/kg seven times, starting 3 days after the first blood withdrawal. All patients (n = 10) received oral iron therapy with iron sulphate 304 mg/die (= 100 mg iron/die). Patients with hypertension or recent myocardial infarction were excluded from the study. The hemoglobin level before donation had to be at least 11.0 g/dl. On each study day, a complete blood count and platelets, differential, and reticulocyte count were determined by standard methods as were transferrin, ferritin, and total iron-binding capacity. Blood loss and blood consumption during and after the operation were registered. The indication for blood transfusion (autologous/homologous) was based on hemoglobin values, which were not acceptable below 8.5 g/dl.

RESULTS.

No side effects of rHuEPO treatment were observed. Blood loss ranged from 650 to 1100 ml intraoperatively and 400 to 950 ml postoperatively with no differences between the groups. Patients with rHuEPO had no autologous red cell concentrates (aRCC) during the operation; two of them had two units of aRCC on the 2nd postoperative day. Two of the patients in the control group had intraoperative blood transfusions (2 and 3 units aRCC, respectively); all patients in this group were transfused postoperatively: 12 of the 20 units collected were utilized. At the onset of the operation the mean hemoglobin value in patients with rHuEPO was 13.5 +/- 0.4 g/dl compared to 11.3 +/- 0.3 g/dl in the controls. Reticulocytes increased significantly during the investigation period. On the 2nd, 3rd, and 4th days of autologous blood collection and before the onset of surgery, the number of reticulocytes was significantly greater in rHuEPO patients than in the controls. Further laboratory variables such as transferrin, ferritin, and total iron-binding capacity did not change significantly during the investigation period; there were no significant differences between the two groups.

DISCUSSION.

The results of the present study show that rHuEPO leads to an increase in reticulocytes with maintenance of hemoglobin levels during the phlebotomy program. As a consequence, patients with anemia and particular contraindications to homologous blood derivatives (irregular antibodies, Jehovah's Witnesses) may be able to undergo major surgery successfully. The possibility of shortening the intervals between phlebotomies would seem to be of major advantage; our data also suggest that an aggressive autologous blood collection program would increase yields over present programs. In our institute a minimum hemoglobin level of 11.5 g/dl is accepted for autologous donation.(

ABSTRACT

TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)

Authors+Show Affiliations

Abteilungen für Anaesthesiologie und Operative Intensivmedizin, St. Johannes-Hospital, Duisburg-Hamborn.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Clinical Trial
English Abstract
Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial

Language

ger

PubMed ID

1928712

Citation

von Bormann, B, et al. "[Recombinant Erythropoietin in Autologous Blood Donation]." Der Anaesthesist, vol. 40, no. 7, 1991, pp. 386-90.
von Bormann B, Weidler B, Friedrich M, et al. [Recombinant erythropoietin in autologous blood donation]. Anaesthesist. 1991;40(7):386-90.
von Bormann, B., Weidler, B., Friedrich, M., & von Andrian-Werburg, H. (1991). [Recombinant erythropoietin in autologous blood donation]. Der Anaesthesist, 40(7), pp. 386-90.
von Bormann B, et al. [Recombinant Erythropoietin in Autologous Blood Donation]. Anaesthesist. 1991;40(7):386-90. PubMed PMID: 1928712.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [Recombinant erythropoietin in autologous blood donation]. AU - von Bormann,B, AU - Weidler,B, AU - Friedrich,M, AU - von Andrian-Werburg,H, PY - 1991/7/1/pubmed PY - 1991/7/1/medline PY - 1991/7/1/entrez SP - 386 EP - 90 JF - Der Anaesthesist JO - Anaesthesist VL - 40 IS - 7 N2 - As a result of the AIDS crisis, public and physician pressure have increased the utilization of autologous blood products. Attitudes about homologous blood transfusion, however, have changed dramatically in recent years. A large segment of the population undergoing elective surgery is elderly and therefore has a significant incidence of cardiovascular disease and a slow response of the erythropoietic system when acute anemia occurs. However, preoperative autologous blood donation programs require 2-5 weeks to complete; the average yield is only 2.2 units per patient. As a consequence, autologous predonation is underused and homologous transfusion cannot be completely avoided in all patients. For several years recombinant human erythropoietin (rHuEPO) has been available and has been successfully used in the treatment of patients with renal anemia. This study evaluated the effect of r-HuEPO on patients with preoperative autologous blood collection. METHODS. Ten patients of both sexes scheduled for hip arthroplasty underwent a preoperative autologous program. During a period of 23 days prior to surgery autologous blood donation was performed with 7.5 ml/kg withdrawal on four occasions, the last one 5 days prior to surgery. Five patients were randomly treated with subcutaneous injections of rHuEPO (Erypo, Cilag GmbH, Sulzbach; Distributor: Fresenius AG, Oberursel, FRG) 200 IU/kg seven times, starting 3 days after the first blood withdrawal. All patients (n = 10) received oral iron therapy with iron sulphate 304 mg/die (= 100 mg iron/die). Patients with hypertension or recent myocardial infarction were excluded from the study. The hemoglobin level before donation had to be at least 11.0 g/dl. On each study day, a complete blood count and platelets, differential, and reticulocyte count were determined by standard methods as were transferrin, ferritin, and total iron-binding capacity. Blood loss and blood consumption during and after the operation were registered. The indication for blood transfusion (autologous/homologous) was based on hemoglobin values, which were not acceptable below 8.5 g/dl. RESULTS. No side effects of rHuEPO treatment were observed. Blood loss ranged from 650 to 1100 ml intraoperatively and 400 to 950 ml postoperatively with no differences between the groups. Patients with rHuEPO had no autologous red cell concentrates (aRCC) during the operation; two of them had two units of aRCC on the 2nd postoperative day. Two of the patients in the control group had intraoperative blood transfusions (2 and 3 units aRCC, respectively); all patients in this group were transfused postoperatively: 12 of the 20 units collected were utilized. At the onset of the operation the mean hemoglobin value in patients with rHuEPO was 13.5 +/- 0.4 g/dl compared to 11.3 +/- 0.3 g/dl in the controls. Reticulocytes increased significantly during the investigation period. On the 2nd, 3rd, and 4th days of autologous blood collection and before the onset of surgery, the number of reticulocytes was significantly greater in rHuEPO patients than in the controls. Further laboratory variables such as transferrin, ferritin, and total iron-binding capacity did not change significantly during the investigation period; there were no significant differences between the two groups. DISCUSSION. The results of the present study show that rHuEPO leads to an increase in reticulocytes with maintenance of hemoglobin levels during the phlebotomy program. As a consequence, patients with anemia and particular contraindications to homologous blood derivatives (irregular antibodies, Jehovah's Witnesses) may be able to undergo major surgery successfully. The possibility of shortening the intervals between phlebotomies would seem to be of major advantage; our data also suggest that an aggressive autologous blood collection program would increase yields over present programs. In our institute a minimum hemoglobin level of 11.5 g/dl is accepted for autologous donation.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS) SN - 0003-2417 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/1928712/[Recombinant_erythropoietin_in_autologous_blood_donation]_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/bloodtransfusionanddonation.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -