Neuroactive flavonoid glycosides from Tilia petiolaris DC. extracts.Phytother Res. 2009 Oct; 23(10):1453-7.PR
Pharmacological assay guided purification of an ethanol extract of Tilia petiolaris DC. inflorescences resulted in the isolation and identification of isoquercitrin (ISO), quercetin 3-O-glucoside-7-O-rhamnoside (QUE) and kaempferol 3-O-glucoside-7-O-rhamnoside (KAE). The behavioral actions of these glycosylated flavonoids were examined in the hole board, locomotor activity and thiopental-induced loss of righting reflex tests in mice. QUE (10 and 30 mg/kg) and KAE (30 mg/kg), intraperitoneally (i.p.) administered to mice, reduced all the parameters measured in the hole board test, but ISO (30 mg/kg) only reduced the number of rearings. Meanwhile QUE at 30 mg/kg i.p. also decreased the ambulatory locomotor activity and increased the sodium thiopental-induced time of loss of the righting reflex suggesting a clear depressant action. The above results demonstrate the occurrence of neuroactive flavonoid glycosides in Tilia.