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Behavioral, demographic, psychosocial, and sociocultural concomitants of stage of change for physical activity behavior in a mixed-culture sample.
Am J Health Promot. 2009 Mar-Apr; 23(4):274-8.AJ

Abstract

PURPOSE

Examine behavioral, demographic, psychosocial, and sociocultural concomitants of the stages of change for physical activity behavior among college students in South Korea (n = 221) and the United States (n = 166).

METHODS

Measures obtained in this cross-sectional study included age; body mass index; nationality; gender; exercise behavior; processes of change; decisional balance; self-efficacy; stage of change; and predisposing, reinforcing, and enabling factors.

RESULTS

The amount of variance explained for stage of change by the transtheoretical model constructs (i.e., decisional balance, processes of change, self-efficacy) ranged from 11% to 29% (all p < .001), whereas the predisposing (2%; p = .052), reinforcing (3%; p = .06), and enabling (5%; p < .001) factors were not as important. In multivariate ordinal logistic regression analysis, gender (odds ratio [OR] = 3.3; p < .001), gender by nationality interaction (OR = .27; p < .01), weekly exercise behavior (OR = 1.04; p < .001), and behavioral processes of change (OR = 1.12; p < .001) were each significant concomitants of the stages of change.

DISCUSSION

In terms of physical activity behavior, South Korean women were more likely than South Korean men to be in the early stages, whereas American men were slightly more likely to be in the early stages than American women when all the concomitants were accounted for. Among the psychosocial stage of change concomitants, only the behavioral processes of change were found to be important.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Nutrition and Exercise Sciences, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331, USA. brad.cardinal@oregonstate.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19288849

Citation

Cardinal, Bradley J., et al. "Behavioral, Demographic, Psychosocial, and Sociocultural Concomitants of Stage of Change for Physical Activity Behavior in a Mixed-culture Sample." American Journal of Health Promotion : AJHP, vol. 23, no. 4, 2009, pp. 274-8.
Cardinal BJ, Lee JY, Kim YH, et al. Behavioral, demographic, psychosocial, and sociocultural concomitants of stage of change for physical activity behavior in a mixed-culture sample. Am J Health Promot. 2009;23(4):274-8.
Cardinal, B. J., Lee, J. Y., Kim, Y. H., Lee, H., Li, K. K., & Si, Q. (2009). Behavioral, demographic, psychosocial, and sociocultural concomitants of stage of change for physical activity behavior in a mixed-culture sample. American Journal of Health Promotion : AJHP, 23(4), 274-8. https://doi.org/10.4278/ajhp.06051667
Cardinal BJ, et al. Behavioral, Demographic, Psychosocial, and Sociocultural Concomitants of Stage of Change for Physical Activity Behavior in a Mixed-culture Sample. Am J Health Promot. 2009 Mar-Apr;23(4):274-8. PubMed PMID: 19288849.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Behavioral, demographic, psychosocial, and sociocultural concomitants of stage of change for physical activity behavior in a mixed-culture sample. AU - Cardinal,Bradley J, AU - Lee,Jong-Young, AU - Kim,Young-Ho, AU - Lee,Hyo, AU - Li,Kin-Kit, AU - Si,Qi, PY - 2009/3/18/entrez PY - 2009/3/18/pubmed PY - 2009/4/8/medline SP - 274 EP - 8 JF - American journal of health promotion : AJHP JO - Am J Health Promot VL - 23 IS - 4 N2 - PURPOSE: Examine behavioral, demographic, psychosocial, and sociocultural concomitants of the stages of change for physical activity behavior among college students in South Korea (n = 221) and the United States (n = 166). METHODS: Measures obtained in this cross-sectional study included age; body mass index; nationality; gender; exercise behavior; processes of change; decisional balance; self-efficacy; stage of change; and predisposing, reinforcing, and enabling factors. RESULTS: The amount of variance explained for stage of change by the transtheoretical model constructs (i.e., decisional balance, processes of change, self-efficacy) ranged from 11% to 29% (all p < .001), whereas the predisposing (2%; p = .052), reinforcing (3%; p = .06), and enabling (5%; p < .001) factors were not as important. In multivariate ordinal logistic regression analysis, gender (odds ratio [OR] = 3.3; p < .001), gender by nationality interaction (OR = .27; p < .01), weekly exercise behavior (OR = 1.04; p < .001), and behavioral processes of change (OR = 1.12; p < .001) were each significant concomitants of the stages of change. DISCUSSION: In terms of physical activity behavior, South Korean women were more likely than South Korean men to be in the early stages, whereas American men were slightly more likely to be in the early stages than American women when all the concomitants were accounted for. Among the psychosocial stage of change concomitants, only the behavioral processes of change were found to be important. SN - 0890-1171 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19288849/Behavioral_demographic_psychosocial_and_sociocultural_concomitants_of_stage_of_change_for_physical_activity_behavior_in_a_mixed_culture_sample_ L2 - https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.4278/ajhp.06051667?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&amp;rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&amp;rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -