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Changes in adult olfactory bulb neurogenesis in mice expressing the A30P mutant form of alpha-synuclein.
Eur J Neurosci. 2009 Mar; 29(5):879-90.EJ

Abstract

In familial and sporadic forms of Parkinson's disease (PD), alpha-synuclein pathology is present in the brain stem nuclei and olfactory bulb (OB) long before Lewy bodies are detected in the substantia nigra. The OB is an active region of adult neurogenesis, where newly generated neurons physiologically integrate. While accumulation of wild-type alpha-synuclein is one of the pathogenic hallmarks of non-genetic forms of PD, the A30P alpha-synuclein mutation results in an earlier disease onset and a severe clinical phenotype. Here, we study the regulation of adult neurogenesis in the subventricular zone (SVZ)/OB system in a tetracycline-suppressive (tet-off) transgenic model of synucleinopathies, expressing human mutant A30P alpha-synuclein under the control of the calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II alpha (CaMK) promoter. In A30P transgenic mice alpha-synuclein was abundant at the site of integration in the glomerular cell layer of the OB. Without changes in proliferation in the SVZ, significantly fewer newly generated neurons were observed in the OB granule cell and glomerular layers of A30P transgenic mice than in controls, most probably due to increased cell death. By tetracycline-dependent abrogation of A30P alpha-synuclein expression, OB neurogenesis and programmed cell death was restored to control levels. Our results indicate that, using A30P conditional (tet-off) mice, A30P alpha-synuclein has a negative impact on olfactory neurogenesis and suppression of A30P alpha-synuclein enhances survival of newly generated neurons. This finding suggests that interfering with alpha-synuclein pathology can rescue newly generated neurons, possibly leading to new targets for therapeutic interventions in synucleinopathies.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Neurology, University of Regensburg, Universitätsstrasse 84, 93053 Regensburg, Germany.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19291219

Citation

Marxreiter, Franz, et al. "Changes in Adult Olfactory Bulb Neurogenesis in Mice Expressing the A30P Mutant Form of Alpha-synuclein." The European Journal of Neuroscience, vol. 29, no. 5, 2009, pp. 879-90.
Marxreiter F, Nuber S, Kandasamy M, et al. Changes in adult olfactory bulb neurogenesis in mice expressing the A30P mutant form of alpha-synuclein. Eur J Neurosci. 2009;29(5):879-90.
Marxreiter, F., Nuber, S., Kandasamy, M., Klucken, J., Aigner, R., Burgmayer, R., Couillard-Despres, S., Riess, O., Winkler, J., & Winner, B. (2009). Changes in adult olfactory bulb neurogenesis in mice expressing the A30P mutant form of alpha-synuclein. The European Journal of Neuroscience, 29(5), 879-90. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1460-9568.2009.06641.x
Marxreiter F, et al. Changes in Adult Olfactory Bulb Neurogenesis in Mice Expressing the A30P Mutant Form of Alpha-synuclein. Eur J Neurosci. 2009;29(5):879-90. PubMed PMID: 19291219.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Changes in adult olfactory bulb neurogenesis in mice expressing the A30P mutant form of alpha-synuclein. AU - Marxreiter,Franz, AU - Nuber,Silke, AU - Kandasamy,Mahesh, AU - Klucken,Jochen, AU - Aigner,Robert, AU - Burgmayer,Ralf, AU - Couillard-Despres,Sebastien, AU - Riess,Olaf, AU - Winkler,Jürgen, AU - Winner,Beate, PY - 2009/3/18/entrez PY - 2009/3/18/pubmed PY - 2009/6/10/medline SP - 879 EP - 90 JF - The European journal of neuroscience JO - Eur J Neurosci VL - 29 IS - 5 N2 - In familial and sporadic forms of Parkinson's disease (PD), alpha-synuclein pathology is present in the brain stem nuclei and olfactory bulb (OB) long before Lewy bodies are detected in the substantia nigra. The OB is an active region of adult neurogenesis, where newly generated neurons physiologically integrate. While accumulation of wild-type alpha-synuclein is one of the pathogenic hallmarks of non-genetic forms of PD, the A30P alpha-synuclein mutation results in an earlier disease onset and a severe clinical phenotype. Here, we study the regulation of adult neurogenesis in the subventricular zone (SVZ)/OB system in a tetracycline-suppressive (tet-off) transgenic model of synucleinopathies, expressing human mutant A30P alpha-synuclein under the control of the calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II alpha (CaMK) promoter. In A30P transgenic mice alpha-synuclein was abundant at the site of integration in the glomerular cell layer of the OB. Without changes in proliferation in the SVZ, significantly fewer newly generated neurons were observed in the OB granule cell and glomerular layers of A30P transgenic mice than in controls, most probably due to increased cell death. By tetracycline-dependent abrogation of A30P alpha-synuclein expression, OB neurogenesis and programmed cell death was restored to control levels. Our results indicate that, using A30P conditional (tet-off) mice, A30P alpha-synuclein has a negative impact on olfactory neurogenesis and suppression of A30P alpha-synuclein enhances survival of newly generated neurons. This finding suggests that interfering with alpha-synuclein pathology can rescue newly generated neurons, possibly leading to new targets for therapeutic interventions in synucleinopathies. SN - 1460-9568 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19291219/Changes_in_adult_olfactory_bulb_neurogenesis_in_mice_expressing_the_A30P_mutant_form_of_alpha_synuclein_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1460-9568.2009.06641.x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -