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Does famine have a long-term effect on cohort mortality? Evidence from the 1959-1961 great leap forward famine in China.
J Biosoc Sci 2009; 41(4):469-91JB

Abstract

Using retrospective individual mortality records of three cohorts of newborns (1954-1958, 1959-1962 and 1963-1967) from a large national fertility survey conducted in 1988 in China, this paper examines the effect of being conceived or born during the 1959-1961 Great Leap Forward Famine on postnatal mortality. The results show strong evidence of a short-term (period) effect of the famine, caused directly by starvation or severe malnutrition during the period of the famine. After controlling for period mortality fluctuation, however, the famine-born cohort does not show higher mortality than either the pre-famine or the post-famine cohort. Aggregate-level cross-temporal comparisons using published cohort population counts from China's 1982 Census, 1990 Census, 1995 micro-Census, 2000 Census and 2005 micro-Census lead to the same conclusion. The relevance of these new findings for the 'fetal origins' hypothesis and the selection effect hypothesis is discussed.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Institute of Sociology, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Beijing, China.

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19302727

Citation

Song, Shige. "Does Famine Have a Long-term Effect On Cohort Mortality? Evidence From the 1959-1961 Great Leap Forward Famine in China." Journal of Biosocial Science, vol. 41, no. 4, 2009, pp. 469-91.
Song S. Does famine have a long-term effect on cohort mortality? Evidence from the 1959-1961 great leap forward famine in China. J Biosoc Sci. 2009;41(4):469-91.
Song, S. (2009). Does famine have a long-term effect on cohort mortality? Evidence from the 1959-1961 great leap forward famine in China. Journal of Biosocial Science, 41(4), pp. 469-91. doi:10.1017/S0021932009003332.
Song S. Does Famine Have a Long-term Effect On Cohort Mortality? Evidence From the 1959-1961 Great Leap Forward Famine in China. J Biosoc Sci. 2009;41(4):469-91. PubMed PMID: 19302727.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Does famine have a long-term effect on cohort mortality? Evidence from the 1959-1961 great leap forward famine in China. A1 - Song,Shige, Y1 - 2009/03/23/ PY - 2009/3/24/entrez PY - 2009/3/24/pubmed PY - 2009/8/28/medline SP - 469 EP - 91 JF - Journal of biosocial science JO - J Biosoc Sci VL - 41 IS - 4 N2 - Using retrospective individual mortality records of three cohorts of newborns (1954-1958, 1959-1962 and 1963-1967) from a large national fertility survey conducted in 1988 in China, this paper examines the effect of being conceived or born during the 1959-1961 Great Leap Forward Famine on postnatal mortality. The results show strong evidence of a short-term (period) effect of the famine, caused directly by starvation or severe malnutrition during the period of the famine. After controlling for period mortality fluctuation, however, the famine-born cohort does not show higher mortality than either the pre-famine or the post-famine cohort. Aggregate-level cross-temporal comparisons using published cohort population counts from China's 1982 Census, 1990 Census, 1995 micro-Census, 2000 Census and 2005 micro-Census lead to the same conclusion. The relevance of these new findings for the 'fetal origins' hypothesis and the selection effect hypothesis is discussed. SN - 1469-7599 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19302727/Does_famine_have_a_long_term_effect_on_cohort_mortality_Evidence_from_the_1959_1961_great_leap_forward_famine_in_China_ L2 - https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S0021932009003332/type/journal_article DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -