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Assessment of the genotoxicity of endosulfan in earthworm and white clover plants using the comet assay.
Arch Environ Contam Toxicol. 2009 May; 56(4):742-6.AE

Abstract

Endosulfan, as one of the most widely used organochlorine pesticides in the world, has increased the public concern about genotoxicity in soil ecosystems. The comet assay has been widely used in the fields of genetic toxicology and environmental biomonitoring. In the present study we conducted comet assay of endosulfan in earthworm (Eisenia foetida) and white clover (Trifolium repens L.), which are sensitive organisms suitable for acting as a bioindicator for agricultural ecosystems. Earthworms were exposed to endosulfan concentrations of 0.1, 1.0, and 10.0 mg/kg in the soil. White clover roots were immersed in hydroponic pots containing nutrient solutions of different endosulfan concentrations: 0.1, 1.0, and 10.0 mg/L. Tissues from each treatment were collected on the 7th, 14th, 21st, and 28th days of treatment process. Significant effects (p < 0.01) of both concentrations and times of exposure were observed. And endosulfan induced DNA damage in earthworm and white clover nuclei. The comet assay can be used as a reliable tool for early detection of endosulfan.

Authors+Show Affiliations

College of Resources and Environment, Shandong Agricultural University, Taian, China.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19306081

Citation

Liu, Wei, et al. "Assessment of the Genotoxicity of Endosulfan in Earthworm and White Clover Plants Using the Comet Assay." Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, vol. 56, no. 4, 2009, pp. 742-6.
Liu W, Zhu LS, Wang J, et al. Assessment of the genotoxicity of endosulfan in earthworm and white clover plants using the comet assay. Arch Environ Contam Toxicol. 2009;56(4):742-6.
Liu, W., Zhu, L. S., Wang, J., Wang, J. H., Xie, H., & Song, Y. (2009). Assessment of the genotoxicity of endosulfan in earthworm and white clover plants using the comet assay. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 56(4), 742-6. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00244-009-9309-8
Liu W, et al. Assessment of the Genotoxicity of Endosulfan in Earthworm and White Clover Plants Using the Comet Assay. Arch Environ Contam Toxicol. 2009;56(4):742-6. PubMed PMID: 19306081.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Assessment of the genotoxicity of endosulfan in earthworm and white clover plants using the comet assay. AU - Liu,Wei, AU - Zhu,Lu-Sheng, AU - Wang,Jun, AU - Wang,Jin-Hua, AU - Xie,Hui, AU - Song,Yan, Y1 - 2009/03/22/ PY - 2008/09/23/received PY - 2009/03/01/accepted PY - 2009/3/24/entrez PY - 2009/3/24/pubmed PY - 2009/6/17/medline SP - 742 EP - 6 JF - Archives of environmental contamination and toxicology JO - Arch Environ Contam Toxicol VL - 56 IS - 4 N2 - Endosulfan, as one of the most widely used organochlorine pesticides in the world, has increased the public concern about genotoxicity in soil ecosystems. The comet assay has been widely used in the fields of genetic toxicology and environmental biomonitoring. In the present study we conducted comet assay of endosulfan in earthworm (Eisenia foetida) and white clover (Trifolium repens L.), which are sensitive organisms suitable for acting as a bioindicator for agricultural ecosystems. Earthworms were exposed to endosulfan concentrations of 0.1, 1.0, and 10.0 mg/kg in the soil. White clover roots were immersed in hydroponic pots containing nutrient solutions of different endosulfan concentrations: 0.1, 1.0, and 10.0 mg/L. Tissues from each treatment were collected on the 7th, 14th, 21st, and 28th days of treatment process. Significant effects (p < 0.01) of both concentrations and times of exposure were observed. And endosulfan induced DNA damage in earthworm and white clover nuclei. The comet assay can be used as a reliable tool for early detection of endosulfan. SN - 1432-0703 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19306081/Assessment_of_the_genotoxicity_of_endosulfan_in_earthworm_and_white_clover_plants_using_the_comet_assay_ L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00244-009-9309-8 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -