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Psychological resilience and postdeployment social support protect against traumatic stress and depressive symptoms in soldiers returning from Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom.
Depress Anxiety. 2009; 26(8):745-51.DA

Abstract

BACKGROUND

A number of studies have examined the prevalence and correlates of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, and related psychiatric conditions in soldiers returning from Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom (OEF/OIF), but none have examined whether factors such as psychological resilience and social support may protect against these conditions in this population.

METHODS

A total of 272 predominantly older reserve/National Guard OEF/OIF veterans completed a mail survey assessing traumatic stress and depressive symptoms, resilience, and social support.

RESULTS

Resilience scores in the full sample were comparable to those observed in civilian outpatient primary-care patients. Respondents with PTSD, however, scored significantly lower on this measure and on measures of unit support and postdeployment social support. A hierarchical regression analysis in the full sample suggested that resilience (specifically, increased personal control and positive acceptance of change) and postdeployment social support were negatively associated with traumatic stress and depressive symptoms, even after adjusting for demographic characteristics and combat exposure.

CONCLUSIONS

These results suggest that interventions to bolster psychological resilience and postdeployment social support may help reduce the severity of traumatic stress and depressive symptoms in OEF/OIF veterans.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, USA. rhpietrzak@gmail.comNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19306303

Citation

Pietrzak, Robert H., et al. "Psychological Resilience and Postdeployment Social Support Protect Against Traumatic Stress and Depressive Symptoms in Soldiers Returning From Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom." Depression and Anxiety, vol. 26, no. 8, 2009, pp. 745-51.
Pietrzak RH, Johnson DC, Goldstein MB, et al. Psychological resilience and postdeployment social support protect against traumatic stress and depressive symptoms in soldiers returning from Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom. Depress Anxiety. 2009;26(8):745-51.
Pietrzak, R. H., Johnson, D. C., Goldstein, M. B., Malley, J. C., & Southwick, S. M. (2009). Psychological resilience and postdeployment social support protect against traumatic stress and depressive symptoms in soldiers returning from Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom. Depression and Anxiety, 26(8), 745-51. https://doi.org/10.1002/da.20558
Pietrzak RH, et al. Psychological Resilience and Postdeployment Social Support Protect Against Traumatic Stress and Depressive Symptoms in Soldiers Returning From Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom. Depress Anxiety. 2009;26(8):745-51. PubMed PMID: 19306303.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Psychological resilience and postdeployment social support protect against traumatic stress and depressive symptoms in soldiers returning from Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom. AU - Pietrzak,Robert H, AU - Johnson,Douglas C, AU - Goldstein,Marc B, AU - Malley,James C, AU - Southwick,Steven M, PY - 2009/3/24/entrez PY - 2009/3/24/pubmed PY - 2009/11/17/medline SP - 745 EP - 51 JF - Depression and anxiety JO - Depress Anxiety VL - 26 IS - 8 N2 - BACKGROUND: A number of studies have examined the prevalence and correlates of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, and related psychiatric conditions in soldiers returning from Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom (OEF/OIF), but none have examined whether factors such as psychological resilience and social support may protect against these conditions in this population. METHODS: A total of 272 predominantly older reserve/National Guard OEF/OIF veterans completed a mail survey assessing traumatic stress and depressive symptoms, resilience, and social support. RESULTS: Resilience scores in the full sample were comparable to those observed in civilian outpatient primary-care patients. Respondents with PTSD, however, scored significantly lower on this measure and on measures of unit support and postdeployment social support. A hierarchical regression analysis in the full sample suggested that resilience (specifically, increased personal control and positive acceptance of change) and postdeployment social support were negatively associated with traumatic stress and depressive symptoms, even after adjusting for demographic characteristics and combat exposure. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that interventions to bolster psychological resilience and postdeployment social support may help reduce the severity of traumatic stress and depressive symptoms in OEF/OIF veterans. SN - 1520-6394 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19306303/Psychological_resilience_and_postdeployment_social_support_protect_against_traumatic_stress_and_depressive_symptoms_in_soldiers_returning_from_Operations_Enduring_Freedom_and_Iraqi_Freedom_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1002/da.20558 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -