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Does contact reduce prejudice or does prejudice reduce contact? A longitudinal test of the contact hypothesis among majority and minority groups in three European countries.
J Pers Soc Psychol. 2009 Apr; 96(4):843-56.JP

Abstract

A widely researched panacea for reducing intergroup prejudice is the contact hypothesis. However, few longitudinal studies can shed light on the direction of causal processes: from contact to prejudice reduction (contact effects) or from prejudice to contact reduction (prejudice effects). The authors conducted a longitudinal field survey in Germany, Belgium, and England with school students. The sample comprised members of both ethnic minorities (n = 512) and ethnic majorities (n = 1,143). Path analyses yielded both lagged contact effects and prejudice effects: Contact reduced prejudice, but prejudice also reduced contact. Furthermore, contact effects were negligible for minority members. These effects were obtained for 2 indicators of prejudice: negative intergroup emotions and desire for social distance. For both majority and minority members, contact effects on negative emotions were stronger when outgroup contacts were perceived as being typical of their group. Contact effects were also mediated by intergroup anxiety. This mediating mechanism was impaired for minority members because of a weakened effect of anxiety on desire for social distance. Theoretical and practical implications of these findings are discussed.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, University of Sussex, Brighton, England.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19309206

Citation

Binder, Jens, et al. "Does Contact Reduce Prejudice or Does Prejudice Reduce Contact? a Longitudinal Test of the Contact Hypothesis Among Majority and Minority Groups in Three European Countries." Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, vol. 96, no. 4, 2009, pp. 843-56.
Binder J, Zagefka H, Brown R, et al. Does contact reduce prejudice or does prejudice reduce contact? A longitudinal test of the contact hypothesis among majority and minority groups in three European countries. J Pers Soc Psychol. 2009;96(4):843-56.
Binder, J., Zagefka, H., Brown, R., Funke, F., Kessler, T., Mummendey, A., Maquil, A., Demoulin, S., & Leyens, J. P. (2009). Does contact reduce prejudice or does prejudice reduce contact? A longitudinal test of the contact hypothesis among majority and minority groups in three European countries. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 96(4), 843-56. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0013470
Binder J, et al. Does Contact Reduce Prejudice or Does Prejudice Reduce Contact? a Longitudinal Test of the Contact Hypothesis Among Majority and Minority Groups in Three European Countries. J Pers Soc Psychol. 2009;96(4):843-56. PubMed PMID: 19309206.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Does contact reduce prejudice or does prejudice reduce contact? A longitudinal test of the contact hypothesis among majority and minority groups in three European countries. AU - Binder,Jens, AU - Zagefka,Hanna, AU - Brown,Rupert, AU - Funke,Friedrich, AU - Kessler,Thomas, AU - Mummendey,Amelie, AU - Maquil,Annemie, AU - Demoulin,Stephanie, AU - Leyens,Jacques-Philippe, PY - 2009/3/25/entrez PY - 2009/3/25/pubmed PY - 2009/5/29/medline SP - 843 EP - 56 JF - Journal of personality and social psychology JO - J Pers Soc Psychol VL - 96 IS - 4 N2 - A widely researched panacea for reducing intergroup prejudice is the contact hypothesis. However, few longitudinal studies can shed light on the direction of causal processes: from contact to prejudice reduction (contact effects) or from prejudice to contact reduction (prejudice effects). The authors conducted a longitudinal field survey in Germany, Belgium, and England with school students. The sample comprised members of both ethnic minorities (n = 512) and ethnic majorities (n = 1,143). Path analyses yielded both lagged contact effects and prejudice effects: Contact reduced prejudice, but prejudice also reduced contact. Furthermore, contact effects were negligible for minority members. These effects were obtained for 2 indicators of prejudice: negative intergroup emotions and desire for social distance. For both majority and minority members, contact effects on negative emotions were stronger when outgroup contacts were perceived as being typical of their group. Contact effects were also mediated by intergroup anxiety. This mediating mechanism was impaired for minority members because of a weakened effect of anxiety on desire for social distance. Theoretical and practical implications of these findings are discussed. SN - 0022-3514 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19309206/Does_contact_reduce_prejudice_or_does_prejudice_reduce_contact_A_longitudinal_test_of_the_contact_hypothesis_among_majority_and_minority_groups_in_three_European_countries_ L2 - http://content.apa.org/journals/psp/96/4/843 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -