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Prevalence of metabolic syndrome according to Adult Treatment Panel III and International Diabetes Federation criteria: a population-based study.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

The objective of the study was to examine the prevalence of metabolic syndrome among adult Qatari population according to the revised criteria of the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III (NCEP ATP III) and the International Diabetes Federation (IDF), assess which component contributed to the increased risk of the metabolic syndrome, and identify the characteristics of the subjects with metabolic syndrome.

DESIGN

This was a cross-sectional study.

SETTING

The survey was carried out in urban and semiurban primary health-care centers.

SUBJECTS AND METHODS

The survey was conducted from January, 2007, to July, 2008, among Qatari nationals above 20 years of age. Of the 1496 subjects who were approached to participate in the study, 1204 (80.5%) gave their consent. Face-to-face interviews were conducted using a structured questionnaire followed by laboratory tests. Metabolic syndrome was defined using the NCEP ATP III as well as IDF criteria.

RESULTS

The overall prevalence of metabolic syndrome in studied subjects was 26.5% and 33.7% according to ATP III and IDF criteria (P < 0.001). The prevalence of metabolic syndrome by ATP III and IDF increased with age and body mass index (BMI), whereas it decreased with higher education and physical activity. Also, the prevalence of metabolic syndrome was more common in women. Among the components of metabolic syndrome, central obesity was significantly higher in the studied subjects. The IDF definition of metabolic syndrome gave a higher prevalence in all age groups. The overall prevalence of metabolic syndrome and its components according to IDF criteria was higher in the studied subjects than the estimates given by the ATP III. Multivariate logistics regression analysis (ATP III and IDF) showed that age and BMI were significant contributors for metabolic syndrome. Both definitions strongly supported age and obesity as associated factors for metabolic syndrome.

CONCLUSIONS

The current study found a high prevalence of metabolic syndrome among Qataris. There was a steady increase in the prevalence of metabolic syndrome through the decades, independent of the definition. Age and BMI were important significant predictors for metabolic syndrome.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Department of Medical Statistics and Epidemiology, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar. abener@hmc.org.qa

    , , ,

    Source

    MeSH

    Adult
    Age Factors
    Body Mass Index
    Cross-Sectional Studies
    Educational Status
    Exercise
    Female
    Humans
    Male
    Metabolic Syndrome
    Middle Aged
    Obesity
    Qatar
    Risk Factors
    Sex Characteristics
    Surveys and Questionnaires
    Urban Population

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    19320557

    Citation

    Bener, Abdulbari, et al. "Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome According to Adult Treatment Panel III and International Diabetes Federation Criteria: a Population-based Study." Metabolic Syndrome and Related Disorders, vol. 7, no. 3, 2009, pp. 221-9.
    Bener A, Zirie M, Musallam M, et al. Prevalence of metabolic syndrome according to Adult Treatment Panel III and International Diabetes Federation criteria: a population-based study. Metab Syndr Relat Disord. 2009;7(3):221-9.
    Bener, A., Zirie, M., Musallam, M., Khader, Y. S., & Al-Hamaq, A. O. (2009). Prevalence of metabolic syndrome according to Adult Treatment Panel III and International Diabetes Federation criteria: a population-based study. Metabolic Syndrome and Related Disorders, 7(3), pp. 221-9. doi:10.1089/met.2008.0077.
    Bener A, et al. Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome According to Adult Treatment Panel III and International Diabetes Federation Criteria: a Population-based Study. Metab Syndr Relat Disord. 2009;7(3):221-9. PubMed PMID: 19320557.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Prevalence of metabolic syndrome according to Adult Treatment Panel III and International Diabetes Federation criteria: a population-based study. AU - Bener,Abdulbari, AU - Zirie,Mahmoud, AU - Musallam,Manal, AU - Khader,Yousef S, AU - Al-Hamaq,Abdulla O A A, PY - 2009/3/27/entrez PY - 2009/3/27/pubmed PY - 2009/8/15/medline SP - 221 EP - 9 JF - Metabolic syndrome and related disorders JO - Metab Syndr Relat Disord VL - 7 IS - 3 N2 - OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to examine the prevalence of metabolic syndrome among adult Qatari population according to the revised criteria of the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III (NCEP ATP III) and the International Diabetes Federation (IDF), assess which component contributed to the increased risk of the metabolic syndrome, and identify the characteristics of the subjects with metabolic syndrome. DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional study. SETTING: The survey was carried out in urban and semiurban primary health-care centers. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The survey was conducted from January, 2007, to July, 2008, among Qatari nationals above 20 years of age. Of the 1496 subjects who were approached to participate in the study, 1204 (80.5%) gave their consent. Face-to-face interviews were conducted using a structured questionnaire followed by laboratory tests. Metabolic syndrome was defined using the NCEP ATP III as well as IDF criteria. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of metabolic syndrome in studied subjects was 26.5% and 33.7% according to ATP III and IDF criteria (P < 0.001). The prevalence of metabolic syndrome by ATP III and IDF increased with age and body mass index (BMI), whereas it decreased with higher education and physical activity. Also, the prevalence of metabolic syndrome was more common in women. Among the components of metabolic syndrome, central obesity was significantly higher in the studied subjects. The IDF definition of metabolic syndrome gave a higher prevalence in all age groups. The overall prevalence of metabolic syndrome and its components according to IDF criteria was higher in the studied subjects than the estimates given by the ATP III. Multivariate logistics regression analysis (ATP III and IDF) showed that age and BMI were significant contributors for metabolic syndrome. Both definitions strongly supported age and obesity as associated factors for metabolic syndrome. CONCLUSIONS: The current study found a high prevalence of metabolic syndrome among Qataris. There was a steady increase in the prevalence of metabolic syndrome through the decades, independent of the definition. Age and BMI were important significant predictors for metabolic syndrome. SN - 1557-8518 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19320557/Prevalence_of_metabolic_syndrome_according_to_Adult_Treatment_Panel_III_and_International_Diabetes_Federation_criteria:_a_population_based_study_ L2 - https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/full/10.1089/met.2008.0077?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&amp;rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&amp;rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -