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Nuts and health outcomes: new epidemiologic evidence.
Am J Clin Nutr. 2009 May; 89(5):1643S-1648S.AJ

Abstract

This article reviews recent epidemiologic evidence on nut intake and health outcomes. It focuses on studies in which nut consumption is directly assessed or when nuts are included in a dietary score or pattern. Epidemiologic studies have been remarkably consistent in showing an association between nut consumption and a reduced risk of coronary heart disease (CHD). Some evidence has emerged recently to suggest health-protective benefits of nuts other than CHD. Frequent nut intake probably reduces risk of diabetes mellitus among women, but its effects on men are unknown. Evidence on the anticarcinogenic effects of nuts is somewhat limited because studies in the past 2 decades have examined only 3 tumor sites, and the benefits appear to be manifested only in women. However, the protective benefits of frequent nut consumption on gallstone diseases are observed in both sexes. Long-term nut consumption is linked with lower body weight and lower risk of obesity and weight gain. A dietary pattern or score that includes nuts is consistently related with beneficial health outcomes, and this provides an indirect evidence of the salutary benefits of nut consumption. More longitudinal studies are needed to clarify the possible effects of nuts on diseases other than CHD.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA, USA. jsabate@llu.eduNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19321572

Citation

Sabaté, Joan, and Yen Ang. "Nuts and Health Outcomes: New Epidemiologic Evidence." The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 89, no. 5, 2009, 1643S-1648S.
Sabaté J, Ang Y. Nuts and health outcomes: new epidemiologic evidence. Am J Clin Nutr. 2009;89(5):1643S-1648S.
Sabaté, J., & Ang, Y. (2009). Nuts and health outcomes: new epidemiologic evidence. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 89(5), 1643S-1648S. https://doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.2009.26736Q
Sabaté J, Ang Y. Nuts and Health Outcomes: New Epidemiologic Evidence. Am J Clin Nutr. 2009;89(5):1643S-1648S. PubMed PMID: 19321572.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Nuts and health outcomes: new epidemiologic evidence. AU - Sabaté,Joan, AU - Ang,Yen, Y1 - 2009/03/25/ PY - 2009/3/27/entrez PY - 2009/3/27/pubmed PY - 2009/5/15/medline SP - 1643S EP - 1648S JF - The American journal of clinical nutrition JO - Am J Clin Nutr VL - 89 IS - 5 N2 - This article reviews recent epidemiologic evidence on nut intake and health outcomes. It focuses on studies in which nut consumption is directly assessed or when nuts are included in a dietary score or pattern. Epidemiologic studies have been remarkably consistent in showing an association between nut consumption and a reduced risk of coronary heart disease (CHD). Some evidence has emerged recently to suggest health-protective benefits of nuts other than CHD. Frequent nut intake probably reduces risk of diabetes mellitus among women, but its effects on men are unknown. Evidence on the anticarcinogenic effects of nuts is somewhat limited because studies in the past 2 decades have examined only 3 tumor sites, and the benefits appear to be manifested only in women. However, the protective benefits of frequent nut consumption on gallstone diseases are observed in both sexes. Long-term nut consumption is linked with lower body weight and lower risk of obesity and weight gain. A dietary pattern or score that includes nuts is consistently related with beneficial health outcomes, and this provides an indirect evidence of the salutary benefits of nut consumption. More longitudinal studies are needed to clarify the possible effects of nuts on diseases other than CHD. SN - 1938-3207 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19321572/Nuts_and_health_outcomes:_new_epidemiologic_evidence_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/ajcn/article-lookup/doi/10.3945/ajcn.2009.26736Q DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -