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Craniofacial growth patterns in patients with congenitally missing permanent teeth.
J Orofac Orthop. 2009 Mar; 70(2):139-51.JO

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

Aim of this study was to investigate any correlations between the congenital absence of certain permanent teeth and individual craniofacial growth patterns.

MATERIAL AND METHODS

The lateral cephalograms of n = 101 patients (65 female und 36 male) with various congenitally missing teeth were analyzed according to Hasund [11] prior to orthodontic treatment. Cephalometric data to determine the craniofacial growth pattern comprised GntgoAr, NSBa, ML-NSL, NL-NSL, MLNL angles and the index between upper and lower facial heights. Correlations between the type of missing teeth and growth pattern were examined. Group distribution was A = all patients with missing teeth (n = 101), P = missing second premolars (n = 49), S = missing upper lateral incisors (n = 30), X = various missing teeth (n = 22). We included a control group for each of these groups using data from Riolo et al.'s [22] growth study.

RESULTS

Group A revealed an even distribution with n = 32 patients (31.7%) having a vertical growth pattern, n = 37 patients (36.6%) a neutral growth pattern, and n = 32 patients (31.7%) a horizontal growth pattern. The majority of patients (n = 20, 40.8%) in group P exhibited a horizontal growth pattern, whereas there were no significant correlations between the kind of congenitally missing teeth and growth patterns in groups S and X. Comparison of the mean values of groups P, S and X, revealed no significant differences. When comparing the control group to groups A, P and S, we noted significantly or highly significantly smaller gonial and basal plane angles. No significant differences were apparent concerning group X.

CONCLUSIONS

This examination demonstrates no statistically-relevant correlation between craniofacial growth pattern and the congenital absence of certain permanent teeth, although horizontal growth is more frequent (but not significant) in patients with congenitally missing second premolars.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Private Orthodontic Practice, Brauerstr. 8, 66663 Merzig/Saar, Germany. Dr.N.Bauer@gmx.deNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng ger

PubMed ID

19322532

Citation

Bauer, Natascha, et al. "Craniofacial Growth Patterns in Patients With Congenitally Missing Permanent Teeth." Journal of Orofacial Orthopedics = Fortschritte Der Kieferorthopadie : Organ/official Journal Deutsche Gesellschaft Fur Kieferorthopadie, vol. 70, no. 2, 2009, pp. 139-51.
Bauer N, Heckmann K, Sand A, et al. Craniofacial growth patterns in patients with congenitally missing permanent teeth. J Orofac Orthop. 2009;70(2):139-51.
Bauer, N., Heckmann, K., Sand, A., & Lisson, J. A. (2009). Craniofacial growth patterns in patients with congenitally missing permanent teeth. Journal of Orofacial Orthopedics = Fortschritte Der Kieferorthopadie : Organ/official Journal Deutsche Gesellschaft Fur Kieferorthopadie, 70(2), 139-51. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00056-009-0744-y
Bauer N, et al. Craniofacial Growth Patterns in Patients With Congenitally Missing Permanent Teeth. J Orofac Orthop. 2009;70(2):139-51. PubMed PMID: 19322532.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Craniofacial growth patterns in patients with congenitally missing permanent teeth. AU - Bauer,Natascha, AU - Heckmann,Katinka, AU - Sand,Andrea, AU - Lisson,Jörg A, Y1 - 2009/03/26/ PY - 2008/11/27/received PY - 2009/01/16/accepted PY - 2009/3/27/entrez PY - 2009/3/27/pubmed PY - 2009/7/10/medline SP - 139 EP - 51 JF - Journal of orofacial orthopedics = Fortschritte der Kieferorthopadie : Organ/official journal Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Kieferorthopadie JO - J Orofac Orthop VL - 70 IS - 2 N2 - OBJECTIVE: Aim of this study was to investigate any correlations between the congenital absence of certain permanent teeth and individual craniofacial growth patterns. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The lateral cephalograms of n = 101 patients (65 female und 36 male) with various congenitally missing teeth were analyzed according to Hasund [11] prior to orthodontic treatment. Cephalometric data to determine the craniofacial growth pattern comprised GntgoAr, NSBa, ML-NSL, NL-NSL, MLNL angles and the index between upper and lower facial heights. Correlations between the type of missing teeth and growth pattern were examined. Group distribution was A = all patients with missing teeth (n = 101), P = missing second premolars (n = 49), S = missing upper lateral incisors (n = 30), X = various missing teeth (n = 22). We included a control group for each of these groups using data from Riolo et al.'s [22] growth study. RESULTS: Group A revealed an even distribution with n = 32 patients (31.7%) having a vertical growth pattern, n = 37 patients (36.6%) a neutral growth pattern, and n = 32 patients (31.7%) a horizontal growth pattern. The majority of patients (n = 20, 40.8%) in group P exhibited a horizontal growth pattern, whereas there were no significant correlations between the kind of congenitally missing teeth and growth patterns in groups S and X. Comparison of the mean values of groups P, S and X, revealed no significant differences. When comparing the control group to groups A, P and S, we noted significantly or highly significantly smaller gonial and basal plane angles. No significant differences were apparent concerning group X. CONCLUSIONS: This examination demonstrates no statistically-relevant correlation between craniofacial growth pattern and the congenital absence of certain permanent teeth, although horizontal growth is more frequent (but not significant) in patients with congenitally missing second premolars. SN - 1615-6714 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19322532/Craniofacial_growth_patterns_in_patients_with_congenitally_missing_permanent_teeth_ L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00056-009-0744-y DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -