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High prevalence of Microsporidium infection in HIV-infected patients.

Abstract

Sixty-four patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) participated in a study to determine opportunistic enteric pathogens and compare them with the patients' clinical status. The most frequently found pathogens were microsporidium (81.2%), Cryptosporidium parvum (20.3%), Candida albicans (12.5%) and Blastocystis hominis (10.9%). Less frequently found pathogens were Giardia intestinalis (6.2%), Cyclospora (4.7%), Opishorchis viverrini ova (3.1%), Strongyloides stercoralis larvae (3.1%) and hookworm ova (1.6%). The presence of enteric pathogens was not significantly associated with sex, length of HIV seropositivity and diarrheal symptoms. A high prevalence of microsporidium, based on microscopic examination, was found in Thai HIV-infected patients. This confirms the importance of microsporidium in HIV-infected/AIDS patients and the necessity for stool evaluation in all HIV-infected patients.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Tropical Pathology, Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand. tmpvr@mahidol.ac.thNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19323005

Citation

Viriyavejakul, Parnpen, et al. "High Prevalence of Microsporidium Infection in HIV-infected Patients." The Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health, vol. 40, no. 2, 2009, pp. 223-8.
Viriyavejakul P, Nintasen R, Punsawad C, et al. High prevalence of Microsporidium infection in HIV-infected patients. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health. 2009;40(2):223-8.
Viriyavejakul, P., Nintasen, R., Punsawad, C., Chaisri, U., Punpoowong, B., & Riganti, M. (2009). High prevalence of Microsporidium infection in HIV-infected patients. The Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health, 40(2), 223-8.
Viriyavejakul P, et al. High Prevalence of Microsporidium Infection in HIV-infected Patients. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health. 2009;40(2):223-8. PubMed PMID: 19323005.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - High prevalence of Microsporidium infection in HIV-infected patients. AU - Viriyavejakul,Parnpen, AU - Nintasen,Rungrat, AU - Punsawad,Chuchard, AU - Chaisri,Urai, AU - Punpoowong,Benjanee, AU - Riganti,Mario, PY - 2009/3/28/entrez PY - 2009/3/28/pubmed PY - 2009/6/24/medline SP - 223 EP - 8 JF - The Southeast Asian journal of tropical medicine and public health JO - Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health VL - 40 IS - 2 N2 - Sixty-four patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) participated in a study to determine opportunistic enteric pathogens and compare them with the patients' clinical status. The most frequently found pathogens were microsporidium (81.2%), Cryptosporidium parvum (20.3%), Candida albicans (12.5%) and Blastocystis hominis (10.9%). Less frequently found pathogens were Giardia intestinalis (6.2%), Cyclospora (4.7%), Opishorchis viverrini ova (3.1%), Strongyloides stercoralis larvae (3.1%) and hookworm ova (1.6%). The presence of enteric pathogens was not significantly associated with sex, length of HIV seropositivity and diarrheal symptoms. A high prevalence of microsporidium, based on microscopic examination, was found in Thai HIV-infected patients. This confirms the importance of microsporidium in HIV-infected/AIDS patients and the necessity for stool evaluation in all HIV-infected patients. SN - 0125-1562 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19323005/High_prevalence_of_Microsporidium_infection_in_HIV_infected_patients_ L2 - http://www.diseaseinfosearch.org/result/9735 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -