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Coinfection of Leptospira spp and Toxoplasma gondii among stray dogs in Bangkok, Thailand.
Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health. 2009 Mar; 40(2):247-52.SA

Abstract

Leptospirosis and toxoplasmosis are zoonotic diseases with global importance. Asymptomatic animals harboring these pathogens may act as carriers to other animals including humans. The objective of this study was to investigate the seroprevalence of Leptospira and Toxoplasma infections in stray dogs in Bangkok. A total of 230 stray dogs from monasteries in a Bangkok district were examined for specific antibodies to T. gondii and Leptospira. The seroprevalence of T. gondii was determined by a modified latex agglutination test (cut off 1 > or = 64). A microscopic agglutination test was performed to detect antibodies to Leptospira (cut off, 1:100). The seroprevalences of T. gondii and Leptospira were 10.9% (25/ 230) and 83.5% (192/230), respectively. Leptospira serovar bataviae was the most predominant (20.3%) serovar. Co-infection with Leptospira and Toxoplasma was found in 22 dogs (9.6%). The prevalence of Toxoplasma in females was significantly higher than in males (p < 0.05), but no significant differences was observed for Leptospira. The high seroprevalence of these two diseases in dogs is of public health concern because close contact between dogs and humans may provide a link between a reservoir in the environment and susceptible humans.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Kasetsart University, Bangkok, Thailand.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19323009

Citation

Jittapalapong, Sathaporn, et al. "Coinfection of Leptospira Spp and Toxoplasma Gondii Among Stray Dogs in Bangkok, Thailand." The Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health, vol. 40, no. 2, 2009, pp. 247-52.
Jittapalapong S, Sittisan P, Sakpuaram T, et al. Coinfection of Leptospira spp and Toxoplasma gondii among stray dogs in Bangkok, Thailand. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health. 2009;40(2):247-52.
Jittapalapong, S., Sittisan, P., Sakpuaram, T., Kabeya, H., Maruyama, S., & Inpankaew, T. (2009). Coinfection of Leptospira spp and Toxoplasma gondii among stray dogs in Bangkok, Thailand. The Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health, 40(2), 247-52.
Jittapalapong S, et al. Coinfection of Leptospira Spp and Toxoplasma Gondii Among Stray Dogs in Bangkok, Thailand. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health. 2009;40(2):247-52. PubMed PMID: 19323009.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Coinfection of Leptospira spp and Toxoplasma gondii among stray dogs in Bangkok, Thailand. AU - Jittapalapong,Sathaporn, AU - Sittisan,Patsima, AU - Sakpuaram,Thavajchai, AU - Kabeya,Hidenori, AU - Maruyama,Soichi, AU - Inpankaew,Tawin, PY - 2009/3/28/entrez PY - 2009/3/28/pubmed PY - 2009/6/24/medline SP - 247 EP - 52 JF - The Southeast Asian journal of tropical medicine and public health JO - Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health VL - 40 IS - 2 N2 - Leptospirosis and toxoplasmosis are zoonotic diseases with global importance. Asymptomatic animals harboring these pathogens may act as carriers to other animals including humans. The objective of this study was to investigate the seroprevalence of Leptospira and Toxoplasma infections in stray dogs in Bangkok. A total of 230 stray dogs from monasteries in a Bangkok district were examined for specific antibodies to T. gondii and Leptospira. The seroprevalence of T. gondii was determined by a modified latex agglutination test (cut off 1 > or = 64). A microscopic agglutination test was performed to detect antibodies to Leptospira (cut off, 1:100). The seroprevalences of T. gondii and Leptospira were 10.9% (25/ 230) and 83.5% (192/230), respectively. Leptospira serovar bataviae was the most predominant (20.3%) serovar. Co-infection with Leptospira and Toxoplasma was found in 22 dogs (9.6%). The prevalence of Toxoplasma in females was significantly higher than in males (p < 0.05), but no significant differences was observed for Leptospira. The high seroprevalence of these two diseases in dogs is of public health concern because close contact between dogs and humans may provide a link between a reservoir in the environment and susceptible humans. SN - 0125-1562 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19323009/Coinfection_of_Leptospira_spp_and_Toxoplasma_gondii_among_stray_dogs_in_Bangkok_Thailand_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -