Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

School, neighborhood, and family factors are associated with children's bullying involvement: a nationally representative longitudinal study.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To test whether school, neighborhood, and family factors are independently associated with children's involvement in bullying, over and above their own behaviors that may increase their risk for becoming involved in bullying.

METHOD

We examined bullying in the Environmental Risk (E-Risk) Longitudinal Twin Study, a nationally representative 1994-1995 birth cohort of 2,232 children. We used mother and teacher reports to identify children who experienced bullying between the ages of 5 and 7 years either as victims, bullies, or bully-victims. We collected information about school characteristics from the Department for Children, Schools and Families. We collected reports from mothers about children's neighborhood and home environments and reports from mothers and teachers about children's internalizing and externalizing problems when they were 5 years old.

RESULTS

Multinomial logistic regressions showed that over and above other socioenvironmental factors and children's behavior problems, school size was associated with an increased risk for being a victim of bullying, problems with neighbors was associated with an increased risk for being a bully-victim, and family factors (e.g., child maltreatment, domestic violence) were associated with all groups of children involved in bullying.

CONCLUSIONS

Socioenvironmental factors are associated with children's risk for becoming involved in bullying over and above their own behaviors. Intervention programs aimed at reducing bullying should extend their focus beyond schools to include local communities and families.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Ms. Bowes and Drs. Arseneault, Maughan, Taylor, and Moffitt are with the Medical Research Council Social, Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, King's College London, and Dr. Caspi is with the Departments of Psychology and Neuroscience, Psychiatry and Behavioural Sciences, Duke University.Ms. Bowes and Drs. Arseneault, Maughan, Taylor, and Moffitt are with the Medical Research Council Social, Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, King's College London, and Dr. Caspi is with the Departments of Psychology and Neuroscience, Psychiatry and Behavioural Sciences, Duke University. Electronic address: louise.arseneault@iop.kcl.ac.uk.Ms. Bowes and Drs. Arseneault, Maughan, Taylor, and Moffitt are with the Medical Research Council Social, Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, King's College London, and Dr. Caspi is with the Departments of Psychology and Neuroscience, Psychiatry and Behavioural Sciences, Duke University.Ms. Bowes and Drs. Arseneault, Maughan, Taylor, and Moffitt are with the Medical Research Council Social, Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, King's College London, and Dr. Caspi is with the Departments of Psychology and Neuroscience, Psychiatry and Behavioural Sciences, Duke University.Ms. Bowes and Drs. Arseneault, Maughan, Taylor, and Moffitt are with the Medical Research Council Social, Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, King's College London, and Dr. Caspi is with the Departments of Psychology and Neuroscience, Psychiatry and Behavioural Sciences, Duke University.Ms. Bowes and Drs. Arseneault, Maughan, Taylor, and Moffitt are with the Medical Research Council Social, Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, King's College London, and Dr. Caspi is with the Departments of Psychology and Neuroscience, Psychiatry and Behavioural Sciences, Duke University.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Twin Study

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19325496

Citation

Bowes, Lucy, et al. "School, Neighborhood, and Family Factors Are Associated With Children's Bullying Involvement: a Nationally Representative Longitudinal Study." Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, vol. 48, no. 5, 2009, pp. 545-553.
Bowes L, Arseneault L, Maughan B, et al. School, neighborhood, and family factors are associated with children's bullying involvement: a nationally representative longitudinal study. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2009;48(5):545-553.
Bowes, L., Arseneault, L., Maughan, B., Taylor, A., Caspi, A., & Moffitt, T. E. (2009). School, neighborhood, and family factors are associated with children's bullying involvement: a nationally representative longitudinal study. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 48(5), pp. 545-553. doi:10.1097/CHI.0b013e31819cb017.
Bowes L, et al. School, Neighborhood, and Family Factors Are Associated With Children's Bullying Involvement: a Nationally Representative Longitudinal Study. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2009;48(5):545-553. PubMed PMID: 19325496.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - School, neighborhood, and family factors are associated with children's bullying involvement: a nationally representative longitudinal study. AU - Bowes,Lucy, AU - Arseneault,Louise, AU - Maughan,Barbara, AU - Taylor,Alan, AU - Caspi,Avshalom, AU - Moffitt,Terrie E, PY - 2009/3/28/entrez PY - 2009/3/28/pubmed PY - 2009/7/16/medline SP - 545 EP - 553 JF - Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry JO - J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry VL - 48 IS - 5 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To test whether school, neighborhood, and family factors are independently associated with children's involvement in bullying, over and above their own behaviors that may increase their risk for becoming involved in bullying. METHOD: We examined bullying in the Environmental Risk (E-Risk) Longitudinal Twin Study, a nationally representative 1994-1995 birth cohort of 2,232 children. We used mother and teacher reports to identify children who experienced bullying between the ages of 5 and 7 years either as victims, bullies, or bully-victims. We collected information about school characteristics from the Department for Children, Schools and Families. We collected reports from mothers about children's neighborhood and home environments and reports from mothers and teachers about children's internalizing and externalizing problems when they were 5 years old. RESULTS: Multinomial logistic regressions showed that over and above other socioenvironmental factors and children's behavior problems, school size was associated with an increased risk for being a victim of bullying, problems with neighbors was associated with an increased risk for being a bully-victim, and family factors (e.g., child maltreatment, domestic violence) were associated with all groups of children involved in bullying. CONCLUSIONS: Socioenvironmental factors are associated with children's risk for becoming involved in bullying over and above their own behaviors. Intervention programs aimed at reducing bullying should extend their focus beyond schools to include local communities and families. SN - 1527-5418 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19325496/School_neighborhood_and_family_factors_are_associated_with_children's_bullying_involvement:_a_nationally_representative_longitudinal_study_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0890-8567(09)60071-X DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -