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[Secondhand smoke in hospitality venues. Exposure, body burden, economic and health aspects in conjunction with smoking bans].
Gesundheitswesen. 2009 Apr; 71(4):242-57.G

Abstract

Secondhand smoke was classified by national and international organisations as a known cause of cancer in humans and has many adverse health effects, especially cardiovascular diseases and lung tumours. Global studies have clearly shown that hospitality venues have the highest levels of indoor air pollution containing different substances that are clearly carcinogenic--such as tobacco-related chemicals--compared with other, smoke-free indoor spaces. Data from the human biomonitoring of non-smoking employees in the food service industry confirm this high exposure level. Non-smokers exposed to secondhand smoke in these environments are at increased risk for adverse health effects. The consistent protection of non-smokers in public places such as restaurants and bars through a smoking ban results in a significant reduction of the pollutants in the air (mostly > 90%) and clearly reduces the internal body burden for users and employees. Furthermore, health complaints by non-smoking employees are reduced and the higher risk for lung tumours of employees in the food service industry compared with the general population can be effectively reduced as well. According to current standards of knowledge, other measures such as spatial separation of smoking areas or the use of mechanical venting systems do not achieve a comparably high and effective pollutant reduction under field conditions. Studies concerning the economic effects of prohibiting smoking in public places conducted in various countries have shown that beverage-focused gastronomic enterprises experience a short-term down trend but that food-focused gastronomic enterprises do not experience any negative or even positive effects. The positive effects of a ban on smoking in public places on the general population are a decline in cigarette consumption and the reduction of secondhand smoke exposure by non-smokers. Smoking bans in hospitality venues are not necessarily linked with a shift of the tobacco consumption to private rooms and an associated increase of secondhand smoke exposure. A comprehensive smoking ban in public spaces without exemption is therefore an easy and targeted measure for gastronomic enterprises from a health perspective.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Sachgebiet Umweltmedizin, Bayerisches Landesamt für Gesundheit und Lebensmittelsicherheit, Oberschleissheim. hermann.fromme@lgl.bayern.deNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

English Abstract
Journal Article
Review

Language

ger

PubMed ID

19326335

Citation

Fromme, H, et al. "[Secondhand Smoke in Hospitality Venues. Exposure, Body Burden, Economic and Health Aspects in Conjunction With Smoking Bans]." Gesundheitswesen (Bundesverband Der Arzte Des Offentlichen Gesundheitsdienstes (Germany)), vol. 71, no. 4, 2009, pp. 242-57.
Fromme H, Kuhn J, Bolte G. [Secondhand smoke in hospitality venues. Exposure, body burden, economic and health aspects in conjunction with smoking bans]. Gesundheitswesen. 2009;71(4):242-57.
Fromme, H., Kuhn, J., & Bolte, G. (2009). [Secondhand smoke in hospitality venues. Exposure, body burden, economic and health aspects in conjunction with smoking bans]. Gesundheitswesen (Bundesverband Der Arzte Des Offentlichen Gesundheitsdienstes (Germany)), 71(4), 242-57. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0029-1192031
Fromme H, Kuhn J, Bolte G. [Secondhand Smoke in Hospitality Venues. Exposure, Body Burden, Economic and Health Aspects in Conjunction With Smoking Bans]. Gesundheitswesen. 2009;71(4):242-57. PubMed PMID: 19326335.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [Secondhand smoke in hospitality venues. Exposure, body burden, economic and health aspects in conjunction with smoking bans]. AU - Fromme,H, AU - Kuhn,J, AU - Bolte,G, Y1 - 2009/03/26/ PY - 2009/3/28/entrez PY - 2009/3/28/pubmed PY - 2009/7/16/medline SP - 242 EP - 57 JF - Gesundheitswesen (Bundesverband der Arzte des Offentlichen Gesundheitsdienstes (Germany)) JO - Gesundheitswesen VL - 71 IS - 4 N2 - Secondhand smoke was classified by national and international organisations as a known cause of cancer in humans and has many adverse health effects, especially cardiovascular diseases and lung tumours. Global studies have clearly shown that hospitality venues have the highest levels of indoor air pollution containing different substances that are clearly carcinogenic--such as tobacco-related chemicals--compared with other, smoke-free indoor spaces. Data from the human biomonitoring of non-smoking employees in the food service industry confirm this high exposure level. Non-smokers exposed to secondhand smoke in these environments are at increased risk for adverse health effects. The consistent protection of non-smokers in public places such as restaurants and bars through a smoking ban results in a significant reduction of the pollutants in the air (mostly > 90%) and clearly reduces the internal body burden for users and employees. Furthermore, health complaints by non-smoking employees are reduced and the higher risk for lung tumours of employees in the food service industry compared with the general population can be effectively reduced as well. According to current standards of knowledge, other measures such as spatial separation of smoking areas or the use of mechanical venting systems do not achieve a comparably high and effective pollutant reduction under field conditions. Studies concerning the economic effects of prohibiting smoking in public places conducted in various countries have shown that beverage-focused gastronomic enterprises experience a short-term down trend but that food-focused gastronomic enterprises do not experience any negative or even positive effects. The positive effects of a ban on smoking in public places on the general population are a decline in cigarette consumption and the reduction of secondhand smoke exposure by non-smokers. Smoking bans in hospitality venues are not necessarily linked with a shift of the tobacco consumption to private rooms and an associated increase of secondhand smoke exposure. A comprehensive smoking ban in public spaces without exemption is therefore an easy and targeted measure for gastronomic enterprises from a health perspective. SN - 1439-4421 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19326335/[Secondhand_smoke_in_hospitality_venues__Exposure_body_burden_economic_and_health_aspects_in_conjunction_with_smoking_bans]_ L2 - http://www.thieme-connect.com/DOI/DOI?10.1055/s-0029-1192031 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -