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Prevalence of the metabolic syndrome and its influencing factors among adolescent girls in Mashhad, Iran.
Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2009; 18(1):131-6.AP

Abstract

INTRODUCTION

This study sought to determine the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome, one of the major public-health challenges worldwide, and its influencing factors among 15 to 17 years old adolescent girls in Mashhad, Iran.

METHODS

A total of 622 high school adolescents participated in a cross-sectional study. A self-administered questionnaire was used to assess socio-demographic characteristics and dietary habits. Anthropometric assessments, blood pressure measurement and biochemical assessment were done.

RESULTS

Applying BMI Z-score for age and gender (WHO 2007), 14.6 % and 3.4 % of subjects were classified as overweight and obese, respectively. Enlarged WC (> 80 cm) was seen in 9.5% of subjects. The prevalence of combined hypertension was 6.1% which was increased by the severity of obesity. A total of 24.5% of subjects had hypertriglyceridemia and 57% of them had low level of HDL-cholesterol. Hyperglycemia was present in 16.7% of subjects. Based on the NCEP ATP III (2001) criteria, the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome was 6.5% and increased to 45.1% in obese subjects. Increasing BMI or WC, led to significant increment in the number of metabolic syndrome features (p < 0.001). High socioeconomic status of family, medical history of parents and dietary habits especially high consumption of carbohydrates were influencing factors in the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome.

CONCLUSION

Approximately 6.5% of all and 45% of obese subjects met the criteria for the metabolic syndrome. Dietary habits especially carbohydrate consumption, socioeconomic status of family and medical history of parents can be influential factors in the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Allied Health Science, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19329406

Citation

Mirhosseini, Naghmeh-Zahra, et al. "Prevalence of the Metabolic Syndrome and Its Influencing Factors Among Adolescent Girls in Mashhad, Iran." Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 18, no. 1, 2009, pp. 131-6.
Mirhosseini NZ, Yusoff NA, Shahar S, et al. Prevalence of the metabolic syndrome and its influencing factors among adolescent girls in Mashhad, Iran. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2009;18(1):131-6.
Mirhosseini, N. Z., Yusoff, N. A., Shahar, S., Parizadeh, S. M., Mobarhen, M. G., & Shakery, M. T. (2009). Prevalence of the metabolic syndrome and its influencing factors among adolescent girls in Mashhad, Iran. Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 18(1), 131-6.
Mirhosseini NZ, et al. Prevalence of the Metabolic Syndrome and Its Influencing Factors Among Adolescent Girls in Mashhad, Iran. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2009;18(1):131-6. PubMed PMID: 19329406.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Prevalence of the metabolic syndrome and its influencing factors among adolescent girls in Mashhad, Iran. AU - Mirhosseini,Naghmeh-Zahra, AU - Yusoff,Noor Aini Mohd, AU - Shahar,Suzana, AU - Parizadeh,Syyed Mohahhad Reza, AU - Mobarhen,Majid Ghayour, AU - Shakery,Mohammad Taghi, PY - 2009/3/31/entrez PY - 2009/3/31/pubmed PY - 2009/7/11/medline SP - 131 EP - 6 JF - Asia Pacific journal of clinical nutrition JO - Asia Pac J Clin Nutr VL - 18 IS - 1 N2 - INTRODUCTION: This study sought to determine the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome, one of the major public-health challenges worldwide, and its influencing factors among 15 to 17 years old adolescent girls in Mashhad, Iran. METHODS: A total of 622 high school adolescents participated in a cross-sectional study. A self-administered questionnaire was used to assess socio-demographic characteristics and dietary habits. Anthropometric assessments, blood pressure measurement and biochemical assessment were done. RESULTS: Applying BMI Z-score for age and gender (WHO 2007), 14.6 % and 3.4 % of subjects were classified as overweight and obese, respectively. Enlarged WC (> 80 cm) was seen in 9.5% of subjects. The prevalence of combined hypertension was 6.1% which was increased by the severity of obesity. A total of 24.5% of subjects had hypertriglyceridemia and 57% of them had low level of HDL-cholesterol. Hyperglycemia was present in 16.7% of subjects. Based on the NCEP ATP III (2001) criteria, the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome was 6.5% and increased to 45.1% in obese subjects. Increasing BMI or WC, led to significant increment in the number of metabolic syndrome features (p < 0.001). High socioeconomic status of family, medical history of parents and dietary habits especially high consumption of carbohydrates were influencing factors in the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome. CONCLUSION: Approximately 6.5% of all and 45% of obese subjects met the criteria for the metabolic syndrome. Dietary habits especially carbohydrate consumption, socioeconomic status of family and medical history of parents can be influential factors in the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome. SN - 0964-7058 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19329406/Prevalence_of_the_metabolic_syndrome_and_its_influencing_factors_among_adolescent_girls_in_Mashhad_Iran_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -