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Speciation of lead, copper, zinc and antimony in water draining a shooting range--time dependant metal accumulation and biomarker responses in brown trout (Salmo trutta L.).
Sci Total Environ. 2009 Jun 15; 407(13):4047-55.ST

Abstract

The speciation of Pb, Cu, Zn and Sb in a shooting range run-off stream were studied during a period of 23 days. In addition, metal accumulation in gills and liver, red blood cell ALA-D activity, hepatic metallothionine (Cd/Zn-MT) and oxidative stress index (GSSG/ tGSH levels) in brown trout (Salmo trutta L.) exposed to the stream were investigated. Fish, contained in cages, were exposed and sampled after 0, 2, 4, 7, 9, 11 and 23 days of exposure. Trace metals in the water were fractionated in situ according to size (nominal molecular mass) and charge properties. During the experimental period an episode with higher runoff occurred resulting in increased levels of metals in the stream. Pb and Cu were mainly found as high molecular mass species, while Zn and Sb were mostly present as low molecular mass species. Pb, Cu and Sb accumulated on gills, in addition to Al origination from natural sources in the catchment. Pb, Cu and Sb were also detected at elevated concentration in the liver. Blood glucose and plasma Na and Cl levels were significantly altered during the exposure period, and are attributed to elevated concentrations of Pb, Cu and Al. A significant suppression of ALA-D was detected after 11 days. Significant differences were detected in Cd/Zn-MT and oxidative stress (tGSH/GSSG) responses at Day 4. For Pb the results show a clear link between the HMM (high molecular mass) positively charged Pb species, followed by accumulation on gills and liver and a suppression in ALA-D. Thus, high flow episodes can remobilise metals from the catchment, inducing stress to aquatic organisms.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Institute for Plant and Environmental Science, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Aas, Norway. lene.sorlie.heier@umb.noNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19339035

Citation

Heier, Lene Sørlie, et al. "Speciation of Lead, Copper, Zinc and Antimony in Water Draining a Shooting Range--time Dependant Metal Accumulation and Biomarker Responses in Brown Trout (Salmo Trutta L.)." The Science of the Total Environment, vol. 407, no. 13, 2009, pp. 4047-55.
Heier LS, Lien IB, Strømseng AE, et al. Speciation of lead, copper, zinc and antimony in water draining a shooting range--time dependant metal accumulation and biomarker responses in brown trout (Salmo trutta L.). Sci Total Environ. 2009;407(13):4047-55.
Heier, L. S., Lien, I. B., Strømseng, A. E., Ljønes, M., Rosseland, B. O., Tollefsen, K. E., & Salbu, B. (2009). Speciation of lead, copper, zinc and antimony in water draining a shooting range--time dependant metal accumulation and biomarker responses in brown trout (Salmo trutta L.). The Science of the Total Environment, 407(13), 4047-55. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2009.03.002
Heier LS, et al. Speciation of Lead, Copper, Zinc and Antimony in Water Draining a Shooting Range--time Dependant Metal Accumulation and Biomarker Responses in Brown Trout (Salmo Trutta L.). Sci Total Environ. 2009 Jun 15;407(13):4047-55. PubMed PMID: 19339035.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Speciation of lead, copper, zinc and antimony in water draining a shooting range--time dependant metal accumulation and biomarker responses in brown trout (Salmo trutta L.). AU - Heier,Lene Sørlie, AU - Lien,Ivar B, AU - Strømseng,Arnljot E, AU - Ljønes,Marita, AU - Rosseland,Bjørn Olav, AU - Tollefsen,Knut-Erik, AU - Salbu,Brit, Y1 - 2009/03/31/ PY - 2008/12/08/received PY - 2009/02/27/revised PY - 2009/03/04/accepted PY - 2009/4/3/entrez PY - 2009/4/3/pubmed PY - 2009/9/29/medline SP - 4047 EP - 55 JF - The Science of the total environment JO - Sci Total Environ VL - 407 IS - 13 N2 - The speciation of Pb, Cu, Zn and Sb in a shooting range run-off stream were studied during a period of 23 days. In addition, metal accumulation in gills and liver, red blood cell ALA-D activity, hepatic metallothionine (Cd/Zn-MT) and oxidative stress index (GSSG/ tGSH levels) in brown trout (Salmo trutta L.) exposed to the stream were investigated. Fish, contained in cages, were exposed and sampled after 0, 2, 4, 7, 9, 11 and 23 days of exposure. Trace metals in the water were fractionated in situ according to size (nominal molecular mass) and charge properties. During the experimental period an episode with higher runoff occurred resulting in increased levels of metals in the stream. Pb and Cu were mainly found as high molecular mass species, while Zn and Sb were mostly present as low molecular mass species. Pb, Cu and Sb accumulated on gills, in addition to Al origination from natural sources in the catchment. Pb, Cu and Sb were also detected at elevated concentration in the liver. Blood glucose and plasma Na and Cl levels were significantly altered during the exposure period, and are attributed to elevated concentrations of Pb, Cu and Al. A significant suppression of ALA-D was detected after 11 days. Significant differences were detected in Cd/Zn-MT and oxidative stress (tGSH/GSSG) responses at Day 4. For Pb the results show a clear link between the HMM (high molecular mass) positively charged Pb species, followed by accumulation on gills and liver and a suppression in ALA-D. Thus, high flow episodes can remobilise metals from the catchment, inducing stress to aquatic organisms. SN - 1879-1026 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19339035/Speciation_of_lead_copper_zinc_and_antimony_in_water_draining_a_shooting_range__time_dependant_metal_accumulation_and_biomarker_responses_in_brown_trout__Salmo_trutta_L___ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0048-9697(09)00237-X DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -