Theophylline loaded gastroretentive floating tablets based on hydrophilic polymers: preparation and in vitro evaluation.Pak J Pharm Sci. 2009 Apr; 22(2):155-61.PJ
This investigation describes the preparation and in vitro evaluation of gastroretentive floating tablet of theophylline. Two hydrophilic cellulose derivatives, Methocel K100M and Methocel K15MCR were evaluated for their gel forming and release controlling properties. Sodium bicarbonate and citric acid were incorporated as gas generating agents. The effects of soluble components (sodium bicarbonate and citric acid), gel forming agents and amount variation of theophylline on drug release profile and floating properties were investigated. Tablets were prepared by direct compression technique. Formulations were evaluated for in vitro buoyancy and drug release study was evaluated for eight hours using USP XXII paddle-type dissolution apparatus using 0.1N HCl as dissolution medium. The release mechanisms were explored and explained with zero order, first order, Higuchi and Korsmeyer equations. The release rate, extent and mechanisms were found to be governed by polymer and floating agent content. The content of active ingredient was also a vital factor in controlling drug release pattern. It was found that polymer content and amount of floating agent significantly affected the mean dissolution time, percentage drug release after 8 hours, release rate constant and diffusion exponent.