Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Tubers as fallback foods and their impact on Hadza hunter-gatherers.
Am J Phys Anthropol 2009; 140(4):751-8AJ

Abstract

The Hadza are hunter-gatherers in Tanzania. Their diet can be conveniently categorized into five main categories: tubers, berries, meat, baobab, and honey. We showed the Hadza photos of these foods and asked them to rank them in order of preference. Honey was ranked the highest. Tubers, as expected from their low caloric value, were ranked lowest. Given that tubers are least preferred, we used kilograms of tubers arriving in camp across the year as a minimum estimate of their availability. Tubers fit the definition of fallback foods because they are the most continuously available but least preferred foods. Tubers are more often taken when berries are least available. We examined the impact of all foods by assessing variation in adult body mass index (BMI) and percent body fat (%BF) in relation to amount of foods arriving in camp. We found, controlling for region and season, women of reproductive age had a higher %BF in camps where more meat was acquired and a lower %BF where more tubers were taken. We discuss the implications of these results for the Hadza. We also discuss the importance of tubers in human evolution.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Anthropology, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306, USA. fmarlowe@fsu.eduNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19350623

Citation

Marlowe, Frank W., and Julia C. Berbesque. "Tubers as Fallback Foods and Their Impact On Hadza Hunter-gatherers." American Journal of Physical Anthropology, vol. 140, no. 4, 2009, pp. 751-8.
Marlowe FW, Berbesque JC. Tubers as fallback foods and their impact on Hadza hunter-gatherers. Am J Phys Anthropol. 2009;140(4):751-8.
Marlowe, F. W., & Berbesque, J. C. (2009). Tubers as fallback foods and their impact on Hadza hunter-gatherers. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 140(4), pp. 751-8. doi:10.1002/ajpa.21040.
Marlowe FW, Berbesque JC. Tubers as Fallback Foods and Their Impact On Hadza Hunter-gatherers. Am J Phys Anthropol. 2009;140(4):751-8. PubMed PMID: 19350623.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Tubers as fallback foods and their impact on Hadza hunter-gatherers. AU - Marlowe,Frank W, AU - Berbesque,Julia C, PY - 2009/4/8/entrez PY - 2009/4/8/pubmed PY - 2010/3/2/medline SP - 751 EP - 8 JF - American journal of physical anthropology JO - Am. J. Phys. Anthropol. VL - 140 IS - 4 N2 - The Hadza are hunter-gatherers in Tanzania. Their diet can be conveniently categorized into five main categories: tubers, berries, meat, baobab, and honey. We showed the Hadza photos of these foods and asked them to rank them in order of preference. Honey was ranked the highest. Tubers, as expected from their low caloric value, were ranked lowest. Given that tubers are least preferred, we used kilograms of tubers arriving in camp across the year as a minimum estimate of their availability. Tubers fit the definition of fallback foods because they are the most continuously available but least preferred foods. Tubers are more often taken when berries are least available. We examined the impact of all foods by assessing variation in adult body mass index (BMI) and percent body fat (%BF) in relation to amount of foods arriving in camp. We found, controlling for region and season, women of reproductive age had a higher %BF in camps where more meat was acquired and a lower %BF where more tubers were taken. We discuss the implications of these results for the Hadza. We also discuss the importance of tubers in human evolution. SN - 1096-8644 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19350623/Tubers_as_fallback_foods_and_their_impact_on_Hadza_hunter_gatherers_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1002/ajpa.21040 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -