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Reconstruction of anterior auricular conchal defect after malignancy excision: revolving-door flap versus full-thickness skin graft.
J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg. 2010 May; 63(5):746-52.JP

Abstract

Skin tumours of the anterior auricular concha are not uncommon. Wider excision and immediate reconstruction are required to reduce the risks of recurrence of the disease, cartilage infection and external ear distortion. Many surgical methods have been described for reconstruction of conchal defects. Post-auricular island flaps, such as the revolving-door (RD) flap, and full-thickness skin grafts (FTSGs) are the most-performed procedures. Although the RD flap has been fully described, it is not widely accepted and many surgeons, in their daily practice, prefer to use FTSG. It is a common experience that FTSGs are more subjected to centripetal contraction, decreasing the structural firmness of the conchal cavity and affecting functional and aesthetic outcomes. Furthermore, FTSGs are more prone to delay in wound healing due to the difficult access to this region that hinders adequate tie-over dressings. Between March 2003 and January 2007, 40 patients affected by T1 and T2 non-melanotic skin cancer and T1 melanoma of the anterior conchal surface of the external ear were included in a prospective study and randomly assigned to the RD reconstructed group or to the FTSG reconstructed group to investigate, compare and define advantages and disadvantages of both the techniques. Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) was used to evaluate the overall outcome and the colour and texture match. No flap or skin graft total loss was observed. Six patients (30%) showed partial failure of FTSG. The RD group demonstrated excellent cosmetic outcome, ideal colour match, adequate structure of external ear, projection and shape. Wilcoxon matched-pairs rank-sum test demonstrated statistically significant higher scores for the RD group compared to the FTSG group (p<0.0001). The RD harvesting technique is easy and quicker than the FTSG technique. RD flap should be considered as the first choice for reconstruction of anterior auricular conchal defects following wider excision of skin tumours.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, University of Rome La Sapienza, Head N Scuderi, Viale del Policlinico 155 Rome 00161, Italy.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19357009

Citation

Dessy, Luca Andrea, et al. "Reconstruction of Anterior Auricular Conchal Defect After Malignancy Excision: Revolving-door Flap Versus Full-thickness Skin Graft." Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery : JPRAS, vol. 63, no. 5, 2010, pp. 746-52.
Dessy LA, Figus A, Fioramonti P, et al. Reconstruction of anterior auricular conchal defect after malignancy excision: revolving-door flap versus full-thickness skin graft. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg. 2010;63(5):746-52.
Dessy, L. A., Figus, A., Fioramonti, P., Mazzocchi, M., & Scuderi, N. (2010). Reconstruction of anterior auricular conchal defect after malignancy excision: revolving-door flap versus full-thickness skin graft. Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery : JPRAS, 63(5), 746-52. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bjps.2009.01.073
Dessy LA, et al. Reconstruction of Anterior Auricular Conchal Defect After Malignancy Excision: Revolving-door Flap Versus Full-thickness Skin Graft. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg. 2010;63(5):746-52. PubMed PMID: 19357009.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Reconstruction of anterior auricular conchal defect after malignancy excision: revolving-door flap versus full-thickness skin graft. AU - Dessy,Luca Andrea, AU - Figus,Andrea, AU - Fioramonti,Paolo, AU - Mazzocchi,Marco, AU - Scuderi,Nicolò, Y1 - 2009/04/08/ PY - 2008/05/29/received PY - 2009/01/14/revised PY - 2009/01/31/accepted PY - 2009/4/10/entrez PY - 2009/4/10/pubmed PY - 2010/5/26/medline SP - 746 EP - 52 JF - Journal of plastic, reconstructive & aesthetic surgery : JPRAS JO - J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg VL - 63 IS - 5 N2 - Skin tumours of the anterior auricular concha are not uncommon. Wider excision and immediate reconstruction are required to reduce the risks of recurrence of the disease, cartilage infection and external ear distortion. Many surgical methods have been described for reconstruction of conchal defects. Post-auricular island flaps, such as the revolving-door (RD) flap, and full-thickness skin grafts (FTSGs) are the most-performed procedures. Although the RD flap has been fully described, it is not widely accepted and many surgeons, in their daily practice, prefer to use FTSG. It is a common experience that FTSGs are more subjected to centripetal contraction, decreasing the structural firmness of the conchal cavity and affecting functional and aesthetic outcomes. Furthermore, FTSGs are more prone to delay in wound healing due to the difficult access to this region that hinders adequate tie-over dressings. Between March 2003 and January 2007, 40 patients affected by T1 and T2 non-melanotic skin cancer and T1 melanoma of the anterior conchal surface of the external ear were included in a prospective study and randomly assigned to the RD reconstructed group or to the FTSG reconstructed group to investigate, compare and define advantages and disadvantages of both the techniques. Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) was used to evaluate the overall outcome and the colour and texture match. No flap or skin graft total loss was observed. Six patients (30%) showed partial failure of FTSG. The RD group demonstrated excellent cosmetic outcome, ideal colour match, adequate structure of external ear, projection and shape. Wilcoxon matched-pairs rank-sum test demonstrated statistically significant higher scores for the RD group compared to the FTSG group (p<0.0001). The RD harvesting technique is easy and quicker than the FTSG technique. RD flap should be considered as the first choice for reconstruction of anterior auricular conchal defects following wider excision of skin tumours. SN - 1878-0539 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19357009/Reconstruction_of_anterior_auricular_conchal_defect_after_malignancy_excision:_revolving_door_flap_versus_full_thickness_skin_graft_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -