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Greater vegetable and fruit intake is associated with a lower risk of breast cancer among Chinese women.
Int J Cancer 2009; 125(1):181-8IJ

Abstract

The effect of vegetable and fruit consumption on breast cancer risk is controversial. We examined the association between vegetable and fruit intake and breast cancer risk in a hospital-based case-control study conducted in Guangdong, China. Four hundred and thirty-eight cases were frequency matched to 438 controls by age (5-year interval) and residence (rural/urban). Dietary intake was assessed by face-to-face interviews using a validated food frequency questionnaire. Multivariate logistic regression was used to estimate the odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence interval (CI) after adjusting for various potential confounders. Total vegetable and fruit intake was found to be inversely associated with breast cancer risk. The ORs of the highest quartile relative to the lowest quartile of total vegetable and fruit intake were 0.28 (95% CI 0.18-0.43) and 0.53 (95% CI 0.34-0.82), respectively. Consumption of individual vegetable and fruit groups such as dark green leafy vegetables, cruciferous vegetables, carrots and tomatoes, banana, watermelon/papaya/cantaloupe were all inversely and significantly related with breast cancer risk. An inverse association was also observed for vitamin A, carotene, vitamin C, vitamin E, and fiber intake. These data indicate that greater intake of vegetables and fruits is associated with a decreased risk of breast cancer among Chinese women residing in Guangdong.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Community and Family Medicine, School of Public Health, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, People's Republic of China.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19358284

Citation

Zhang, Cai-Xia, et al. "Greater Vegetable and Fruit Intake Is Associated With a Lower Risk of Breast Cancer Among Chinese Women." International Journal of Cancer, vol. 125, no. 1, 2009, pp. 181-8.
Zhang CX, Ho SC, Chen YM, et al. Greater vegetable and fruit intake is associated with a lower risk of breast cancer among Chinese women. Int J Cancer. 2009;125(1):181-8.
Zhang, C. X., Ho, S. C., Chen, Y. M., Fu, J. H., Cheng, S. Z., & Lin, F. Y. (2009). Greater vegetable and fruit intake is associated with a lower risk of breast cancer among Chinese women. International Journal of Cancer, 125(1), pp. 181-8. doi:10.1002/ijc.24358.
Zhang CX, et al. Greater Vegetable and Fruit Intake Is Associated With a Lower Risk of Breast Cancer Among Chinese Women. Int J Cancer. 2009 Jul 1;125(1):181-8. PubMed PMID: 19358284.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Greater vegetable and fruit intake is associated with a lower risk of breast cancer among Chinese women. AU - Zhang,Cai-Xia, AU - Ho,Suzanne C, AU - Chen,Yu-Ming, AU - Fu,Jian-Hua, AU - Cheng,Shou-Zhen, AU - Lin,Fang-Yu, PY - 2009/4/10/entrez PY - 2009/4/10/pubmed PY - 2009/5/29/medline SP - 181 EP - 8 JF - International journal of cancer JO - Int. J. Cancer VL - 125 IS - 1 N2 - The effect of vegetable and fruit consumption on breast cancer risk is controversial. We examined the association between vegetable and fruit intake and breast cancer risk in a hospital-based case-control study conducted in Guangdong, China. Four hundred and thirty-eight cases were frequency matched to 438 controls by age (5-year interval) and residence (rural/urban). Dietary intake was assessed by face-to-face interviews using a validated food frequency questionnaire. Multivariate logistic regression was used to estimate the odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence interval (CI) after adjusting for various potential confounders. Total vegetable and fruit intake was found to be inversely associated with breast cancer risk. The ORs of the highest quartile relative to the lowest quartile of total vegetable and fruit intake were 0.28 (95% CI 0.18-0.43) and 0.53 (95% CI 0.34-0.82), respectively. Consumption of individual vegetable and fruit groups such as dark green leafy vegetables, cruciferous vegetables, carrots and tomatoes, banana, watermelon/papaya/cantaloupe were all inversely and significantly related with breast cancer risk. An inverse association was also observed for vitamin A, carotene, vitamin C, vitamin E, and fiber intake. These data indicate that greater intake of vegetables and fruits is associated with a decreased risk of breast cancer among Chinese women residing in Guangdong. SN - 1097-0215 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19358284/Greater_vegetable_and_fruit_intake_is_associated_with_a_lower_risk_of_breast_cancer_among_Chinese_women_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1002/ijc.24358 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -