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Predictors of non-suicidal self-injury versus attempted suicide: similar or different?
Arch Suicide Res 2009; 13(2):105-22AS

Abstract

A nationally representative sample of Norwegian high school students (ages 14 to 19, N = 2,924) completed self-reports in school about non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI), suicide attempt (SA), and risk and protective factors. They were re-examined 5 years later. In all 2.2% reported NSSI with no SA during the follow-up period and 3.2% reported SA. Several risk and protective factors were common to NSSI and SA: previous SA, young age, debut of sexual intercourse before the age of 15, and non-heterosexual sexual interest. However, other risk and protective factors were unique to NSSI or SA: Previous NSSI increased the risk for future NSSI whereas satisfaction with social support protected against later NSSI. Suicidal ideation increased the risk for SA whereas attachment to parents protected against it. NSSI did not increase the risk of future SA. NSSI and SA may be thus conceived of as only partly overlapping phenomena, and not necessarily just representing different degrees of suicidality.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, N-7041 Trondheim, Norway. lars.wichstrom@svt.ntnu.no

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19363748

Citation

Wichstrøm, Lars. "Predictors of Non-suicidal Self-injury Versus Attempted Suicide: Similar or Different?" Archives of Suicide Research : Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research, vol. 13, no. 2, 2009, pp. 105-22.
Wichstrøm L. Predictors of non-suicidal self-injury versus attempted suicide: similar or different? Arch Suicide Res. 2009;13(2):105-22.
Wichstrøm, L. (2009). Predictors of non-suicidal self-injury versus attempted suicide: similar or different? Archives of Suicide Research : Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research, 13(2), pp. 105-22. doi:10.1080/13811110902834992.
Wichstrøm L. Predictors of Non-suicidal Self-injury Versus Attempted Suicide: Similar or Different. Arch Suicide Res. 2009;13(2):105-22. PubMed PMID: 19363748.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Predictors of non-suicidal self-injury versus attempted suicide: similar or different? A1 - Wichstrøm,Lars, PY - 2009/4/14/entrez PY - 2009/4/14/pubmed PY - 2009/8/15/medline SP - 105 EP - 22 JF - Archives of suicide research : official journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research JO - Arch Suicide Res VL - 13 IS - 2 N2 - A nationally representative sample of Norwegian high school students (ages 14 to 19, N = 2,924) completed self-reports in school about non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI), suicide attempt (SA), and risk and protective factors. They were re-examined 5 years later. In all 2.2% reported NSSI with no SA during the follow-up period and 3.2% reported SA. Several risk and protective factors were common to NSSI and SA: previous SA, young age, debut of sexual intercourse before the age of 15, and non-heterosexual sexual interest. However, other risk and protective factors were unique to NSSI or SA: Previous NSSI increased the risk for future NSSI whereas satisfaction with social support protected against later NSSI. Suicidal ideation increased the risk for SA whereas attachment to parents protected against it. NSSI did not increase the risk of future SA. NSSI and SA may be thus conceived of as only partly overlapping phenomena, and not necessarily just representing different degrees of suicidality. SN - 1543-6136 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19363748/Predictors_of_non_suicidal_self_injury_versus_attempted_suicide:_similar_or_different L2 - http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/13811110902834992 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -