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Life satisfaction and quality in Korean War veterans five decades after the war.
J Epidemiol Community Health. 2009 May; 63(5):359-65.JE

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Military service is considered to be a hidden variable underlying current knowledge about well-being in the elderly. This study aimed to examine life satisfaction and quality of life in Australia's surviving male Korean War veterans and a community comparison group, and to investigate any association with war deployment-related factors.

METHODS

Participants completed a postal questionnaire which included the Life Satisfaction Scale, the brief World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL-Bref) questionnaire and the Combat Exposure Scale.

RESULTS

Korean War veterans reported significantly lower Percentage Life Satisfaction (PLS) and quality of life scores on four WHOQOL-Bref domains, compared with similarly aged Australian men (each p value <0.001). These outcomes were most strongly associated with severity of combat exposure and low rank. Mean PLS was approximately 15% lower in veterans who reported heavy combat compared with those reporting no combat, and approximately 12% lower in enlisted ranked veterans compared with officers.

CONCLUSIONS

Fifty years after the Korean War, life satisfaction and quality in Australian veterans is poor relative to other Australian men, and is associated with deployment-related factors including combat severity and low rank. In order to respond effectively to current and projected population health needs, nations with large veteran populations may need to consider the impact of military service on well-being in later life.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Epidemiology & Preventive Medicine, Monash Centre for Occupational & Environmental Health, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia. Jill.ikin@med.monash.edu.auNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19366889

Citation

Ikin, J F., et al. "Life Satisfaction and Quality in Korean War Veterans Five Decades After the War." Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, vol. 63, no. 5, 2009, pp. 359-65.
Ikin JF, Sim MR, McKenzie DP, et al. Life satisfaction and quality in Korean War veterans five decades after the war. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2009;63(5):359-65.
Ikin, J. F., Sim, M. R., McKenzie, D. P., Horsley, K. W., Wilson, E. J., Harrex, W. K., Moore, M. R., Jelfs, P. L., & Henderson, S. (2009). Life satisfaction and quality in Korean War veterans five decades after the war. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 63(5), 359-65. https://doi.org/10.1136/jech.2007.061986
Ikin JF, et al. Life Satisfaction and Quality in Korean War Veterans Five Decades After the War. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2009;63(5):359-65. PubMed PMID: 19366889.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Life satisfaction and quality in Korean War veterans five decades after the war. AU - Ikin,J F, AU - Sim,M R, AU - McKenzie,D P, AU - Horsley,K W A, AU - Wilson,E J, AU - Harrex,W K, AU - Moore,M R, AU - Jelfs,P L, AU - Henderson,S, PY - 2009/4/16/entrez PY - 2009/4/16/pubmed PY - 2010/3/17/medline SP - 359 EP - 65 JF - Journal of epidemiology and community health JO - J Epidemiol Community Health VL - 63 IS - 5 N2 - BACKGROUND: Military service is considered to be a hidden variable underlying current knowledge about well-being in the elderly. This study aimed to examine life satisfaction and quality of life in Australia's surviving male Korean War veterans and a community comparison group, and to investigate any association with war deployment-related factors. METHODS: Participants completed a postal questionnaire which included the Life Satisfaction Scale, the brief World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL-Bref) questionnaire and the Combat Exposure Scale. RESULTS: Korean War veterans reported significantly lower Percentage Life Satisfaction (PLS) and quality of life scores on four WHOQOL-Bref domains, compared with similarly aged Australian men (each p value <0.001). These outcomes were most strongly associated with severity of combat exposure and low rank. Mean PLS was approximately 15% lower in veterans who reported heavy combat compared with those reporting no combat, and approximately 12% lower in enlisted ranked veterans compared with officers. CONCLUSIONS: Fifty years after the Korean War, life satisfaction and quality in Australian veterans is poor relative to other Australian men, and is associated with deployment-related factors including combat severity and low rank. In order to respond effectively to current and projected population health needs, nations with large veteran populations may need to consider the impact of military service on well-being in later life. SN - 1470-2738 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19366889/Life_satisfaction_and_quality_in_Korean_War_veterans_five_decades_after_the_war_ L2 - https://jech.bmj.com/lookup/pmidlookup?view=long&amp;pmid=19366889 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -