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Feelings: what questions best discriminate women with and without eating disorders?

Abstract

This study explored feelings that discriminate between eating disorder and community groups of women. Responses to 25 questions about body image (9), eating (8) self-esteem (3) general psychology (5) were collected in 2002-2003 (N=268) and 2005-2006 (N=472). Wilk's lambda was used to test discrimination. The most discriminating psychological questions were: 'feeling unhappy and unable to cope as well as usual', 'unease attending social functions', 'fearing loss of control over emotions'; and for eating questions were: 'feeling uneasy if other people saw you eating', 'feeling preoccupied with food/eating', 'fearing loss of control over eating'. For body image only 'feeling preoccupied with body weight/shape' and 'fearing loss of control over your body' discriminated. Questions relating to weight and shape for self-esteem ('feeling fat', 'fearing weight gain' and 'wanting to lose weight') discriminated poorly. Results for both cohorts were consistent. Preoccupation with thoughts of eating or body image and fear of loss of control of these would be useful additions to eating disorders criteria. Psychological impairment should also be present.

Authors

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Source

Eating and weight disorders : EWD 14:1 2009 Mar pg e6-10

MeSH

Adolescent
Adult
Anorexia Nervosa
Body Image
Body Weight
Bulimia Nervosa
Chi-Square Distribution
Eating Disorders
Emotions
Female
Humans
Inpatients
New South Wales
Questionnaires
Self Concept
Young Adult

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19367134