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Estimating cost of care for patients with acute low back pain: a retrospective review of patient records.
J Am Osteopath Assoc. 2009 Apr; 109(4):229-33.JA

Abstract

CONTEXT

Low back pain (LBP) has a major economic impact in the United States, with total costs related to this condition exceeding $100 billion per year.

OBJECTIVE

To estimate the cost of standard care compared to standard care plus osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) for acute LBP of less than 6 months' duration.

METHODS

A retrospective review of electronic medical records from patients who visited Florida Hospital East Orlando in Orlando. All patients had LBP of less than 6 months' duration and had received care between January 1, 2002, and December 31, 2005. The control group comprised patients who received standard care; the study group consisted of patients who received OMT in addition to standard care. Healthcare utilization (eg, radiologic scans, prescriptions) was determined by "episodes of care," and costs were averaged per patient.

RESULTS

A total of 1556 patients and 2030 episodes of care met inclusion criteria. Compared with subjects in the control group, individuals in the OMT group had an average of 0.5 more office visits per EOC, resulting in 38% more office visits. However, OMT patients had 18.5% fewer prescriptions written, 74.2% fewer radiographs, 76.9% fewer referrals, and 90% fewer magnetic resonance imaging scans. In the OMT group, total average costs were $38.26 lower (P=.02), and average prescription costs were $19.53 lower (P<.001). Patients in the OMT group also had $63.81 less average radiologic costs (P<.0001).

CONCLUSION

Osteopathic manipulative treatment may reduce costs for the management of acute LBP. Further research in a prospective study is needed.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Family Practice and Neuromusculoskeletal Medicine, Florida Hospital East Orlando, 7975 Lake Underhill Road, Orlando, FL 32822-8204, USA. thomas.crow.do@flhosp.orgNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19369510

Citation

Crow, William Thomas, and David R. Willis. "Estimating Cost of Care for Patients With Acute Low Back Pain: a Retrospective Review of Patient Records." The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association, vol. 109, no. 4, 2009, pp. 229-33.
Crow WT, Willis DR. Estimating cost of care for patients with acute low back pain: a retrospective review of patient records. J Am Osteopath Assoc. 2009;109(4):229-33.
Crow, W. T., & Willis, D. R. (2009). Estimating cost of care for patients with acute low back pain: a retrospective review of patient records. The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association, 109(4), 229-33.
Crow WT, Willis DR. Estimating Cost of Care for Patients With Acute Low Back Pain: a Retrospective Review of Patient Records. J Am Osteopath Assoc. 2009;109(4):229-33. PubMed PMID: 19369510.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Estimating cost of care for patients with acute low back pain: a retrospective review of patient records. AU - Crow,William Thomas, AU - Willis,David R, PY - 2009/4/17/entrez PY - 2009/4/17/pubmed PY - 2009/7/23/medline SP - 229 EP - 33 JF - The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association JO - J Am Osteopath Assoc VL - 109 IS - 4 N2 - CONTEXT: Low back pain (LBP) has a major economic impact in the United States, with total costs related to this condition exceeding $100 billion per year. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the cost of standard care compared to standard care plus osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) for acute LBP of less than 6 months' duration. METHODS: A retrospective review of electronic medical records from patients who visited Florida Hospital East Orlando in Orlando. All patients had LBP of less than 6 months' duration and had received care between January 1, 2002, and December 31, 2005. The control group comprised patients who received standard care; the study group consisted of patients who received OMT in addition to standard care. Healthcare utilization (eg, radiologic scans, prescriptions) was determined by "episodes of care," and costs were averaged per patient. RESULTS: A total of 1556 patients and 2030 episodes of care met inclusion criteria. Compared with subjects in the control group, individuals in the OMT group had an average of 0.5 more office visits per EOC, resulting in 38% more office visits. However, OMT patients had 18.5% fewer prescriptions written, 74.2% fewer radiographs, 76.9% fewer referrals, and 90% fewer magnetic resonance imaging scans. In the OMT group, total average costs were $38.26 lower (P=.02), and average prescription costs were $19.53 lower (P<.001). Patients in the OMT group also had $63.81 less average radiologic costs (P<.0001). CONCLUSION: Osteopathic manipulative treatment may reduce costs for the management of acute LBP. Further research in a prospective study is needed. SN - 1945-1997 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19369510/Estimating_cost_of_care_for_patients_with_acute_low_back_pain:_a_retrospective_review_of_patient_records_ L2 - http://jaoa.org/article.aspx?volume=109&amp;page=229 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -