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[Air pollution and recent symptoms of asthma, allergic rhinitis, and atopic eczema in schoolchildren aged between 6 and 7 years].
Arch Bronconeumol 2009; 45(5):224-9AB

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

The objective of the study was to analyze the relationship between air pollutants and the prevalence of recent symptoms of asthma, allergic rhinitis, and atopic eczema in schoolchildren aged between 6 and 7 years.

PATIENTS AND METHODS

The prevalence of recent (previous 12 months) symptoms of allergic diseases was obtained by means of the questionnaire of the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC), Spain, with the participation of 7 centers (Asturias, Barcelona, Bilbao, Cartagena, La Coruña, Madrid, and Valencia) and 20 455 schoolchildren aged between 6 and 7 years, from 2002 to 2003. The pollutant detection systems of the aforementioned centers provided the mean annual concentrations of sulfur dioxide (SO2), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), carbon monoxide (CO), and total suspended particulate matter.

RESULTS

The annual average concentration of SO2 showed a significant association with a higher prevalence of recent severe asthma (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] between level-1 and level-3 pollution, 1.32; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.01-1.73), rhinitis (aOR, 1.56; 95% CI, 1.39-1.75), and rhinoconjunctivitis (aOR, 1.70; 95% CI, 1.45-2.00). The annual average concentration of CO was associated with a higher prevalence of rhinitis (aOR, 1.65; 95% CI, 1.34-2.04), rhinoconjunctivitis (aOR, 1.76; 95% CI, 1.31-2.37), and eczema (aOR, 1.55; 95% CI, 1.17-2.04). The annual average concentration for NO2 and total suspended particulate matter showed inverse associations with the prevalence of nocturnal dry cough.

CONCLUSIONS

Findings suggest that air pollutants such as SO2 and CO increase the risk of recent symptoms of asthma and allergic rhinitis in schoolchildren aged between 6 and 7 years in Spain.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Sección de Epidemiología, Centro de Salud Pública, Castellón, España. arnedo_alb@gva.esNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
English Abstract
Journal Article
Multicenter Study
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

spa

PubMed ID

19371994

Citation

Arnedo-Pena, Alberto, et al. "[Air Pollution and Recent Symptoms of Asthma, Allergic Rhinitis, and Atopic Eczema in Schoolchildren Aged Between 6 and 7 Years]." Archivos De Bronconeumologia, vol. 45, no. 5, 2009, pp. 224-9.
Arnedo-Pena A, García-Marcos L, Carvajal Urueña I, et al. [Air pollution and recent symptoms of asthma, allergic rhinitis, and atopic eczema in schoolchildren aged between 6 and 7 years]. Arch Bronconeumol. 2009;45(5):224-9.
Arnedo-Pena, A., García-Marcos, L., Carvajal Urueña, I., Busquets Monge, R., Morales Suárez-Varela, M., Miner Canflanca, I., ... González Díaz, C. (2009). [Air pollution and recent symptoms of asthma, allergic rhinitis, and atopic eczema in schoolchildren aged between 6 and 7 years]. Archivos De Bronconeumologia, 45(5), pp. 224-9. doi:10.1016/j.arbres.2008.10.004.
Arnedo-Pena A, et al. [Air Pollution and Recent Symptoms of Asthma, Allergic Rhinitis, and Atopic Eczema in Schoolchildren Aged Between 6 and 7 Years]. Arch Bronconeumol. 2009;45(5):224-9. PubMed PMID: 19371994.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [Air pollution and recent symptoms of asthma, allergic rhinitis, and atopic eczema in schoolchildren aged between 6 and 7 years]. AU - Arnedo-Pena,Alberto, AU - García-Marcos,Luis, AU - Carvajal Urueña,Ignacio, AU - Busquets Monge,Rosa, AU - Morales Suárez-Varela,María, AU - Miner Canflanca,Izaskun, AU - Batlles Garrido,José, AU - Blanco Quirós,Alfredo, AU - López-Silvarrey Varela,Angel, AU - García Hernández,Gloria, AU - Aguinaga Ontoso,Inés, AU - González Díaz,Carlos, Y1 - 2009/04/16/ PY - 2008/03/10/received PY - 2008/10/01/revised PY - 2008/10/20/accepted PY - 2009/4/18/entrez PY - 2009/4/18/pubmed PY - 2009/9/12/medline SP - 224 EP - 9 JF - Archivos de bronconeumologia JO - Arch. Bronconeumol. VL - 45 IS - 5 N2 - OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to analyze the relationship between air pollutants and the prevalence of recent symptoms of asthma, allergic rhinitis, and atopic eczema in schoolchildren aged between 6 and 7 years. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The prevalence of recent (previous 12 months) symptoms of allergic diseases was obtained by means of the questionnaire of the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC), Spain, with the participation of 7 centers (Asturias, Barcelona, Bilbao, Cartagena, La Coruña, Madrid, and Valencia) and 20 455 schoolchildren aged between 6 and 7 years, from 2002 to 2003. The pollutant detection systems of the aforementioned centers provided the mean annual concentrations of sulfur dioxide (SO2), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), carbon monoxide (CO), and total suspended particulate matter. RESULTS: The annual average concentration of SO2 showed a significant association with a higher prevalence of recent severe asthma (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] between level-1 and level-3 pollution, 1.32; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.01-1.73), rhinitis (aOR, 1.56; 95% CI, 1.39-1.75), and rhinoconjunctivitis (aOR, 1.70; 95% CI, 1.45-2.00). The annual average concentration of CO was associated with a higher prevalence of rhinitis (aOR, 1.65; 95% CI, 1.34-2.04), rhinoconjunctivitis (aOR, 1.76; 95% CI, 1.31-2.37), and eczema (aOR, 1.55; 95% CI, 1.17-2.04). The annual average concentration for NO2 and total suspended particulate matter showed inverse associations with the prevalence of nocturnal dry cough. CONCLUSIONS: Findings suggest that air pollutants such as SO2 and CO increase the risk of recent symptoms of asthma and allergic rhinitis in schoolchildren aged between 6 and 7 years in Spain. SN - 0300-2896 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19371994/[Air_pollution_and_recent_symptoms_of_asthma_allergic_rhinitis_and_atopic_eczema_in_schoolchildren_aged_between_6_and_7_years]_ L2 - http://www.archbronconeumol.org/en/linksolver/ft/pii/S0300-2896(09)00105-7 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -