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Sugar-sweetened beverages, serum uric acid, and blood pressure in adolescents.
J Pediatr 2009; 154(6):807-13JPed

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To evaluate whether sugar-sweetened beverage consumption, a significant source of dietary fructose, is associated with higher serum uric acid levels and blood pressure in adolescents.

STUDY DESIGN

We analyzed cross-sectional data from 4867 adolescents aged 12 to 18 years in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1999-2004. Dietary data were assessed from 24-hour dietary recall interviews. Sugar-sweetened beverages included fruit drinks, sports drinks, soda, and sweetened coffee or tea. We used multivariate linear regression to evaluate the association of sugar-sweetened beverage consumption with serum uric acid and with blood pressure.

RESULTS

Adolescents who drank more sugar-sweetened beverages tended to be older and male. In the adjusted model, serum uric acid increased by 0.18 mg/dL and systolic blood pressure z-score increased by 0.17 from the lowest to the highest category of sugar-sweetened beverage consumption (P for trend, .01 and .03, respectively).

CONCLUSIONS

These results from a nationally representative sample of US adolescents indicate that higher sugar-sweetened beverage consumption is associated with higher serum uric acid levels and systolic blood pressure, which may lead to downstream adverse health outcomes.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Pediatrics, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA. nguyens@peds.ucsf.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19375714

Citation

Nguyen, Stephanie, et al. "Sugar-sweetened Beverages, Serum Uric Acid, and Blood Pressure in Adolescents." The Journal of Pediatrics, vol. 154, no. 6, 2009, pp. 807-13.
Nguyen S, Choi HK, Lustig RH, et al. Sugar-sweetened beverages, serum uric acid, and blood pressure in adolescents. J Pediatr. 2009;154(6):807-13.
Nguyen, S., Choi, H. K., Lustig, R. H., & Hsu, C. Y. (2009). Sugar-sweetened beverages, serum uric acid, and blood pressure in adolescents. The Journal of Pediatrics, 154(6), pp. 807-13. doi:10.1016/j.jpeds.2009.01.015.
Nguyen S, et al. Sugar-sweetened Beverages, Serum Uric Acid, and Blood Pressure in Adolescents. J Pediatr. 2009;154(6):807-13. PubMed PMID: 19375714.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Sugar-sweetened beverages, serum uric acid, and blood pressure in adolescents. AU - Nguyen,Stephanie, AU - Choi,Hyon K, AU - Lustig,Robert H, AU - Hsu,Chi-yuan, Y1 - 2009/04/17/ PY - 2008/08/29/received PY - 2008/11/25/revised PY - 2009/01/09/accepted PY - 2009/4/21/entrez PY - 2009/4/21/pubmed PY - 2009/6/6/medline SP - 807 EP - 13 JF - The Journal of pediatrics JO - J. Pediatr. VL - 154 IS - 6 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether sugar-sweetened beverage consumption, a significant source of dietary fructose, is associated with higher serum uric acid levels and blood pressure in adolescents. STUDY DESIGN: We analyzed cross-sectional data from 4867 adolescents aged 12 to 18 years in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1999-2004. Dietary data were assessed from 24-hour dietary recall interviews. Sugar-sweetened beverages included fruit drinks, sports drinks, soda, and sweetened coffee or tea. We used multivariate linear regression to evaluate the association of sugar-sweetened beverage consumption with serum uric acid and with blood pressure. RESULTS: Adolescents who drank more sugar-sweetened beverages tended to be older and male. In the adjusted model, serum uric acid increased by 0.18 mg/dL and systolic blood pressure z-score increased by 0.17 from the lowest to the highest category of sugar-sweetened beverage consumption (P for trend, .01 and .03, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: These results from a nationally representative sample of US adolescents indicate that higher sugar-sweetened beverage consumption is associated with higher serum uric acid levels and systolic blood pressure, which may lead to downstream adverse health outcomes. SN - 1097-6833 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19375714/Sugar_sweetened_beverages_serum_uric_acid_and_blood_pressure_in_adolescents_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0022-3476(09)00015-8 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -