Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Mortality and injury following the 2007 Ica earthquake in Peru.
Am J Disaster Med. 2009 Jan-Feb; 4(1):15-22.AJ

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To quantify earthquake injury and mortality from the 2007 Ica earthquake in Peru and to assess earthquake-related risk and vulnerability.

DESIGN

A population-based cluster survey of households in the region most affected by the earthquake. A stratified cluster survey design was used to allow for comparison between urban, periurban, and rural areas, where different outcomes were anticipated as a result of variation in building practices and access to post-earthquake assistance. A total of 42 clusters of 16 households were planned to allow for comparison between the location types and to ensure adequate spatial coverage.

SETTING

The four affected provinces in Southern Peru: Ica, Pisco, Chincha, and Canete.

PARTICIPANTS

A total of 672 randomly selected households with a combined population of 3,608 individuals, of which 3,484 (97 percent) were reported as household members on the day of the earthquake.

RESULTS

Mortality and injury rates in the four most affected provinces were estimated at 1.4 deaths/ 1,000 exposed (95 CI: 0.5-3.3) and 29 injuries/1,000 exposed (95 CI: 6-52). Older adults and members of households of lower socioeconomic status faced increased risk of injury. No significant differences in injury rates were observed between rural, urban, and peri-urban residence areas.

CONCLUSIONS

Populations of lower socioeconomic status faced increased risk of injury; however, no differences in injury rates were observed between rural, urban, and peri-urban communities. Study findings suggest that earthquake preparedness and mitigation efforts should focus on population subgroups of lower socioeconomic in both rural and urban areas of earthquake-prone regions.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19378665

Citation

Doocy, Shannon, et al. "Mortality and Injury Following the 2007 Ica Earthquake in Peru." American Journal of Disaster Medicine, vol. 4, no. 1, 2009, pp. 15-22.
Doocy S, Daniels A, Aspilcueta D, et al. Mortality and injury following the 2007 Ica earthquake in Peru. Am J Disaster Med. 2009;4(1):15-22.
Doocy, S., Daniels, A., & Aspilcueta, D. (2009). Mortality and injury following the 2007 Ica earthquake in Peru. American Journal of Disaster Medicine, 4(1), 15-22.
Doocy S, et al. Mortality and Injury Following the 2007 Ica Earthquake in Peru. Am J Disaster Med. 2009 Jan-Feb;4(1):15-22. PubMed PMID: 19378665.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Mortality and injury following the 2007 Ica earthquake in Peru. AU - Doocy,Shannon, AU - Daniels,Amy, AU - Aspilcueta,Daniel, AU - ,, PY - 2009/4/22/entrez PY - 2009/4/22/pubmed PY - 2009/5/9/medline SP - 15 EP - 22 JF - American journal of disaster medicine JO - Am J Disaster Med VL - 4 IS - 1 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To quantify earthquake injury and mortality from the 2007 Ica earthquake in Peru and to assess earthquake-related risk and vulnerability. DESIGN: A population-based cluster survey of households in the region most affected by the earthquake. A stratified cluster survey design was used to allow for comparison between urban, periurban, and rural areas, where different outcomes were anticipated as a result of variation in building practices and access to post-earthquake assistance. A total of 42 clusters of 16 households were planned to allow for comparison between the location types and to ensure adequate spatial coverage. SETTING: The four affected provinces in Southern Peru: Ica, Pisco, Chincha, and Canete. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 672 randomly selected households with a combined population of 3,608 individuals, of which 3,484 (97 percent) were reported as household members on the day of the earthquake. RESULTS: Mortality and injury rates in the four most affected provinces were estimated at 1.4 deaths/ 1,000 exposed (95 CI: 0.5-3.3) and 29 injuries/1,000 exposed (95 CI: 6-52). Older adults and members of households of lower socioeconomic status faced increased risk of injury. No significant differences in injury rates were observed between rural, urban, and peri-urban residence areas. CONCLUSIONS: Populations of lower socioeconomic status faced increased risk of injury; however, no differences in injury rates were observed between rural, urban, and peri-urban communities. Study findings suggest that earthquake preparedness and mitigation efforts should focus on population subgroups of lower socioeconomic in both rural and urban areas of earthquake-prone regions. SN - 1932-149X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19378665/Mortality_and_injury_following_the_2007_Ica_earthquake_in_Peru_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/woundsandinjuries.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -