Genetic evidence for key roles of decorin and biglycan in dentin mineralization.Matrix Biol. 2009 Apr; 28(3):129-36.MB
Targeted disruption of the dentin sialophosphoprotein (DSPP) gene in the mice (Dspp(-/-)) results in dentin mineralization defects with enlarged predentin phenotype similar to human dentinogenesis imperfecta type III. Using DSPP/biglycan (Dspp(-/-)Bgn(-/0)) and DSPP/decorin (Dspp(-/-)Dcn(-/-)) double knockout mice, here we determined that the enlarged predentin layer in Dspp(-/-) teeth is rescued in the absence of decorin, but not in the absence of biglycan. However, Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy analysis reveals similar hypomineralization of dentin in both Dspp(-/-)Bgn(-/0) and Dspp(-/-)Dcn(-/-) teeth. Atomic force microscopy (AFM) analysis of collagen fibrils in dentin shows subtle differences in the collagen fibril morphology in these genotypes. The reduction of enlarged predentin in Dspp(-/-)Dcn(-/-) mice suggests that the elevated level of decorin in Dspp(-/-) predentin interferes with the mineralization process at the dentin mineralization front. On the other hand, the lack of DSPP and biglycan leads to the increased number of calcospherites in Dspp(-/-)Bgn(-/0) predentin, suggesting that a failure in coalescence of calcospherites was augmented in Dspp(-/-)Bgn(-/0) teeth as compared to Dspp(-/-) teeth. These findings indicate that normal expression of small leucine rich proteoglycans, such as biglycan and decorin, plays an important role in the highly orchestrated process of dentin mineralization.