Modulation of P2X receptors in dorsal root ganglion neurons of streptozotocin-induced diabetic neuropathy.Neurosci Lett. 2009 Mar 13; 452(2):200-3.NL
Painful diabetic neuropathy causes hyperalgesia and does not respond to commonly used analgesics such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or opioids at doses below those producing disruptive side effects. In the present study, we examined the effect of P2X receptor antagonists, which are known to modulate the pain pathway, on mechanical hyperalgesia in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic mice. The paw withdrawal frequency measured by von Frey filaments, began to significantly increase 5 days after STZ injection and was maintained for more than 14 days. Intrathecal administration of P2X receptor antagonists (PPADS and TNP-ATP) inhibited the mechanical allodynia in diabetic mice. The levels of P2X(2) and P2X(3) receptors mRNA were significantly increased in diabetic mice at 14 days after the intravenous injection of STZ. These results suggest that the upregulation of P2X(2), P2X(3) and/or P2X(2/3) receptor in DRG neurons is associated with mechanical allodynia in STZ-induced diabetic mice.