Liver transplantation using young pediatric donor grafts in adults with hepatitis C infection.Transplantation 2009; 87(8):1174-9T
The impact of using grafts from donor's age less than or equal to 13 years on adult hepatitis C virus (HCV) recipients in terms of survival and HCV recurrence is undefined. To determine if adults undergoing liver transplantation for HCV who receive a graft from a donor age less than or equal to 13 years have similar outcomes to recipients of organs from 18- to 35-year-old donors.
Records from adult HCV patients undergoing liver transplantation between April 1998 and April 2004 who received whole grafts from non-HCV donors less than 35 years old after brain death were reviewed. Patients with donor age less than or equal to 13 years (group 1) and 18 to 35 years (group 2) were compared for patient and graft survival, allograft rejection, biliary complications, and HCV recurrence.
Fifty-one HCV patients were analyzed. The two groups were similar except that group 1 donors and recipients were smaller in size. One year patient and graft survival for groups 1 vs. 2 were 93% vs. 94% and 93% vs. 83%, respectively (P=NS). Biliary complications, HCV recurrence, and advanced fibrosis free survival were not significantly different.
Whole liver grafts from donors age less than or equal to 13 years can potentially be used in selected size-matched adult HCV patients in the absence of an acceptable pediatric recipient.