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Vegetarian and vegan diets in type 2 diabetes management.
Nutr Rev 2009; 67(5):255-63NR

Abstract

Vegetarian and vegan diets offer significant benefits for diabetes management. In observational studies, individuals following vegetarian diets are about half as likely to develop diabetes, compared with non-vegetarians. In clinical trials in individuals with type 2 diabetes, low-fat vegan diets improve glycemic control to a greater extent than conventional diabetes diets. Although this effect is primarily attributable to greater weight loss, evidence also suggests that reduced intake of saturated fats and high-glycemic-index foods, increased intake of dietary fiber and vegetable protein, reduced intramyocellular lipid concentrations, and decreased iron stores mediate the influence of plant-based diets on glycemia. Vegetarian and vegan diets also improve plasma lipid concentrations and have been shown to reverse atherosclerosis progression. In clinical studies, the reported acceptability of vegetarian and vegan diets is comparable to other therapeutic regimens. The presently available literature indicates that vegetarian and vegan diets present potential advantages for the management of type 2 diabetes.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Medicine, George Washington University School of Medicine, Washington, DC, USA. nbarnard@pcrm.orgNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19386029

Citation

Barnard, Neal D., et al. "Vegetarian and Vegan Diets in Type 2 Diabetes Management." Nutrition Reviews, vol. 67, no. 5, 2009, pp. 255-63.
Barnard ND, Katcher HI, Jenkins DJ, et al. Vegetarian and vegan diets in type 2 diabetes management. Nutr Rev. 2009;67(5):255-63.
Barnard, N. D., Katcher, H. I., Jenkins, D. J., Cohen, J., & Turner-McGrievy, G. (2009). Vegetarian and vegan diets in type 2 diabetes management. Nutrition Reviews, 67(5), pp. 255-63. doi:10.1111/j.1753-4887.2009.00198.x.
Barnard ND, et al. Vegetarian and Vegan Diets in Type 2 Diabetes Management. Nutr Rev. 2009;67(5):255-63. PubMed PMID: 19386029.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Vegetarian and vegan diets in type 2 diabetes management. AU - Barnard,Neal D, AU - Katcher,Heather I, AU - Jenkins,David J A, AU - Cohen,Joshua, AU - Turner-McGrievy,Gabrielle, PY - 2009/4/24/entrez PY - 2009/4/24/pubmed PY - 2009/7/23/medline SP - 255 EP - 63 JF - Nutrition reviews JO - Nutr. Rev. VL - 67 IS - 5 N2 - Vegetarian and vegan diets offer significant benefits for diabetes management. In observational studies, individuals following vegetarian diets are about half as likely to develop diabetes, compared with non-vegetarians. In clinical trials in individuals with type 2 diabetes, low-fat vegan diets improve glycemic control to a greater extent than conventional diabetes diets. Although this effect is primarily attributable to greater weight loss, evidence also suggests that reduced intake of saturated fats and high-glycemic-index foods, increased intake of dietary fiber and vegetable protein, reduced intramyocellular lipid concentrations, and decreased iron stores mediate the influence of plant-based diets on glycemia. Vegetarian and vegan diets also improve plasma lipid concentrations and have been shown to reverse atherosclerosis progression. In clinical studies, the reported acceptability of vegetarian and vegan diets is comparable to other therapeutic regimens. The presently available literature indicates that vegetarian and vegan diets present potential advantages for the management of type 2 diabetes. SN - 1753-4887 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19386029/Vegetarian_and_vegan_diets_in_type_2_diabetes_management_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/nutritionreviews/article-lookup/doi/10.1111/j.1753-4887.2009.00198.x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -