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Whole-body vibration augments resistance training effects on body composition in postmenopausal women.
Maturitas. 2009 May 20; 63(1):79-83.M

Abstract

Age-related changes in body composition are well-documented with a decrease in lean body mass and a redistribution of body fat generally observed. Resistance training alone has been shown to have positive effects on body composition, however, these benefits may be enhanced by the addition of a vibration stimulus.

OBJECTIVE

The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of 8 months of resistance training with and without whole-body vibration (WBV) on body composition in sedentary postmenopausal women.

METHODS

Fifty-five women were assigned to resistance only (RG, n=22), vibration plus resistance (VR, n=21) or non-exercising control (CG, n=12) groups. Resistance training (3 sets 10 repetitions 80% strength) was performed using isotonic weight training equipment and whole-body vibration was done with the use of the power plate (Northbrooke, IL) vibration platform for three times per week for 8 months. Total and regional body composition was assessed from the total body DXA scans at baseline (pre) and after 8 months (post) of training.

RESULTS

In the VR group, total % body fat decreased from pre- to post-time points (p<0.05), whereas, the CG group had a significant increase in total % body fat (p<0.05). Both training groups exhibited significant increases in bone free lean tissue mass for the total body, arm and trunk regions from pre to post (p<0.05). CG did not show any changes in lean tissue.

CONCLUSION

In older women, resistance training alone and with whole-body vibration resulted in positive body composition changes by increasing lean tissue. However, only the combination of resistance training and whole-body vibration was effective for decreasing percent body fat.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Health and Exercise Science, University of Oklahoma, Norman, 73019, United States.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Controlled Clinical Trial
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19386449

Citation

Fjeldstad, Cecilie, et al. "Whole-body Vibration Augments Resistance Training Effects On Body Composition in Postmenopausal Women." Maturitas, vol. 63, no. 1, 2009, pp. 79-83.
Fjeldstad C, Palmer IJ, Bemben MG, et al. Whole-body vibration augments resistance training effects on body composition in postmenopausal women. Maturitas. 2009;63(1):79-83.
Fjeldstad, C., Palmer, I. J., Bemben, M. G., & Bemben, D. A. (2009). Whole-body vibration augments resistance training effects on body composition in postmenopausal women. Maturitas, 63(1), 79-83. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.maturitas.2009.03.013
Fjeldstad C, et al. Whole-body Vibration Augments Resistance Training Effects On Body Composition in Postmenopausal Women. Maturitas. 2009 May 20;63(1):79-83. PubMed PMID: 19386449.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Whole-body vibration augments resistance training effects on body composition in postmenopausal women. AU - Fjeldstad,Cecilie, AU - Palmer,Ian J, AU - Bemben,Michael G, AU - Bemben,Debra A, Y1 - 2009/04/21/ PY - 2009/02/11/received PY - 2009/03/11/revised PY - 2009/03/16/accepted PY - 2009/4/24/entrez PY - 2009/4/24/pubmed PY - 2009/8/6/medline SP - 79 EP - 83 JF - Maturitas JO - Maturitas VL - 63 IS - 1 N2 - UNLABELLED: Age-related changes in body composition are well-documented with a decrease in lean body mass and a redistribution of body fat generally observed. Resistance training alone has been shown to have positive effects on body composition, however, these benefits may be enhanced by the addition of a vibration stimulus. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of 8 months of resistance training with and without whole-body vibration (WBV) on body composition in sedentary postmenopausal women. METHODS: Fifty-five women were assigned to resistance only (RG, n=22), vibration plus resistance (VR, n=21) or non-exercising control (CG, n=12) groups. Resistance training (3 sets 10 repetitions 80% strength) was performed using isotonic weight training equipment and whole-body vibration was done with the use of the power plate (Northbrooke, IL) vibration platform for three times per week for 8 months. Total and regional body composition was assessed from the total body DXA scans at baseline (pre) and after 8 months (post) of training. RESULTS: In the VR group, total % body fat decreased from pre- to post-time points (p<0.05), whereas, the CG group had a significant increase in total % body fat (p<0.05). Both training groups exhibited significant increases in bone free lean tissue mass for the total body, arm and trunk regions from pre to post (p<0.05). CG did not show any changes in lean tissue. CONCLUSION: In older women, resistance training alone and with whole-body vibration resulted in positive body composition changes by increasing lean tissue. However, only the combination of resistance training and whole-body vibration was effective for decreasing percent body fat. SN - 1873-4111 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19386449/Whole_body_vibration_augments_resistance_training_effects_on_body_composition_in_postmenopausal_women_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0378-5122(09)00103-0 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -