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Impact of dairy and sweetened beverage consumption on diet and weight of a multiethnic population of head start mothers.
J Am Diet Assoc. 2009 May; 109(5):874-82.JA

Abstract

Mothers with children in Head Start play a critical role in providing healthful diets and modeling good dietary behaviors to their children, but there is little information available on their diet, especially on beverage consumption. The objective of this study was to assess the association of milk and sweetened beverage consumption with nutrient intake, dietary adequacy, and weight of a multiethnic population of Head Start mothers. Using a cross-sectional, secondary analysis, African-American (43%), Hispanic (33%), and white (24%) women (n=609) were divided into four beverage consumption groups: high milk/low sweetened beverage, high milk/high sweetened beverage, low milk/low sweetened beverage, and low milk/high sweetened beverage. Nutrient intake was determined by averaging 24-hour dietary recalls from 3 nonconsecutive days. Dietary adequacy was determined with the Mean Adequacy Ratio. Mean body mass index for the four beverage consumption groups was compared; there were no differences among the groups (overall mean+/-standard error=30.8+/-0.3). Women in the high milk/low sweetened beverage group had higher mean intakes of vitamins A, D, and B-6; riboflavin; thiamin; folate; phosphorus; calcium; iron; magnesium; and potassium (P<0.0125 for all) when compared with the other beverage consumption groups. Mean Adequacy Ratio was highest in the high milk/low sweetened beverage (71.8+/-0.8) and lowest in the low milk/high sweetened beverage (58.4+/-0.8) consumption groups (P<0.0125). Women in the high milk/low sweetened beverage group consumed more nutrient-dense foods. Overall consumption of milk was low. Consumption of high milk/low sweetened beverage was associated with improved nutrient intake, including the shortfall nutrients, ie, calcium, potassium, magnesium, and vitamin A.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Louisiana State University AgCenter, Baton Rouge, LA, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19394474

Citation

O'Neil, Carol E., et al. "Impact of Dairy and Sweetened Beverage Consumption On Diet and Weight of a Multiethnic Population of Head Start Mothers." Journal of the American Dietetic Association, vol. 109, no. 5, 2009, pp. 874-82.
O'Neil CE, Nicklas TA, Liu Y, et al. Impact of dairy and sweetened beverage consumption on diet and weight of a multiethnic population of head start mothers. J Am Diet Assoc. 2009;109(5):874-82.
O'Neil, C. E., Nicklas, T. A., Liu, Y., & Franklin, F. A. (2009). Impact of dairy and sweetened beverage consumption on diet and weight of a multiethnic population of head start mothers. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 109(5), 874-82. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jada.2009.02.012
O'Neil CE, et al. Impact of Dairy and Sweetened Beverage Consumption On Diet and Weight of a Multiethnic Population of Head Start Mothers. J Am Diet Assoc. 2009;109(5):874-82. PubMed PMID: 19394474.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Impact of dairy and sweetened beverage consumption on diet and weight of a multiethnic population of head start mothers. AU - O'Neil,Carol E, AU - Nicklas,Theresa A, AU - Liu,Yan, AU - Franklin,Frank A, PY - 2007/12/21/received PY - 2008/09/19/accepted PY - 2009/4/28/entrez PY - 2009/4/28/pubmed PY - 2009/5/14/medline SP - 874 EP - 82 JF - Journal of the American Dietetic Association JO - J Am Diet Assoc VL - 109 IS - 5 N2 - Mothers with children in Head Start play a critical role in providing healthful diets and modeling good dietary behaviors to their children, but there is little information available on their diet, especially on beverage consumption. The objective of this study was to assess the association of milk and sweetened beverage consumption with nutrient intake, dietary adequacy, and weight of a multiethnic population of Head Start mothers. Using a cross-sectional, secondary analysis, African-American (43%), Hispanic (33%), and white (24%) women (n=609) were divided into four beverage consumption groups: high milk/low sweetened beverage, high milk/high sweetened beverage, low milk/low sweetened beverage, and low milk/high sweetened beverage. Nutrient intake was determined by averaging 24-hour dietary recalls from 3 nonconsecutive days. Dietary adequacy was determined with the Mean Adequacy Ratio. Mean body mass index for the four beverage consumption groups was compared; there were no differences among the groups (overall mean+/-standard error=30.8+/-0.3). Women in the high milk/low sweetened beverage group had higher mean intakes of vitamins A, D, and B-6; riboflavin; thiamin; folate; phosphorus; calcium; iron; magnesium; and potassium (P<0.0125 for all) when compared with the other beverage consumption groups. Mean Adequacy Ratio was highest in the high milk/low sweetened beverage (71.8+/-0.8) and lowest in the low milk/high sweetened beverage (58.4+/-0.8) consumption groups (P<0.0125). Women in the high milk/low sweetened beverage group consumed more nutrient-dense foods. Overall consumption of milk was low. Consumption of high milk/low sweetened beverage was associated with improved nutrient intake, including the shortfall nutrients, ie, calcium, potassium, magnesium, and vitamin A. SN - 1878-3570 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19394474/Impact_of_dairy_and_sweetened_beverage_consumption_on_diet_and_weight_of_a_multiethnic_population_of_head_start_mothers_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0002-8223(09)00158-8 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -