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Gingival recession: epidemiology and risk indicators in a university dental hospital in Turkey.
Int J Dent Hyg. 2009 May; 7(2):115-20.IJ

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

Gingival recession is a common manifestation of periodontal disease, but is also associated with several risk factors. In this study, we investigated prevalence of gingival recession and assessed various risk indicators in a university dental hospital in Turkey.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

The study group consisted of 831 persons (537 females, 294 males). Gingival recession, dental plaque, calculus, tobacco consumption, toothbrushing frequency, traumatic toothbrushing and high frenum were assessed. Gingival recession scored as present whenever the free gingival margin was apical to the cemento-enamel junction and root surface was exposed.

RESULTS

Overall, the prevalence of gingival recession was 78.2%. The gingival recession for buccal surfaces measured approximately between 1 and 2 mm was 17.4%. The number of gingival recession site of male subjects was significantly higher than that of the female ones (P < 0.05). The dental calculus and plaque levels of mandibular teeth were significantly higher than those of the maxillary teeth (P < 0.05). The multiple regression analyses showed that age, smoking duration, traumatic toothbrushing and high frenum are significant contributors to gingival recession.

CONCLUSIONS

Periodontal condition is very high in this population. High level of gingival recession in this population is significantly associated with a high level of dental plaque and calculus, male gender, smoking duration, toothbrushing frequency, traumatic toothbrushing and high frenum.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Periodontology, Cumhuriyet University Faculty of Dentistry, Sivas, Turkey. hcakmak@cumhuriyet.edu.trNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19413547

Citation

Toker, H, and H Ozdemir. "Gingival Recession: Epidemiology and Risk Indicators in a University Dental Hospital in Turkey." International Journal of Dental Hygiene, vol. 7, no. 2, 2009, pp. 115-20.
Toker H, Ozdemir H. Gingival recession: epidemiology and risk indicators in a university dental hospital in Turkey. Int J Dent Hyg. 2009;7(2):115-20.
Toker, H., & Ozdemir, H. (2009). Gingival recession: epidemiology and risk indicators in a university dental hospital in Turkey. International Journal of Dental Hygiene, 7(2), 115-20. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1601-5037.2008.00348.x
Toker H, Ozdemir H. Gingival Recession: Epidemiology and Risk Indicators in a University Dental Hospital in Turkey. Int J Dent Hyg. 2009;7(2):115-20. PubMed PMID: 19413547.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Gingival recession: epidemiology and risk indicators in a university dental hospital in Turkey. AU - Toker,H, AU - Ozdemir,H, PY - 2009/5/6/entrez PY - 2009/5/6/pubmed PY - 2009/8/6/medline SP - 115 EP - 20 JF - International journal of dental hygiene JO - Int J Dent Hyg VL - 7 IS - 2 N2 - OBJECTIVE: Gingival recession is a common manifestation of periodontal disease, but is also associated with several risk factors. In this study, we investigated prevalence of gingival recession and assessed various risk indicators in a university dental hospital in Turkey. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study group consisted of 831 persons (537 females, 294 males). Gingival recession, dental plaque, calculus, tobacco consumption, toothbrushing frequency, traumatic toothbrushing and high frenum were assessed. Gingival recession scored as present whenever the free gingival margin was apical to the cemento-enamel junction and root surface was exposed. RESULTS: Overall, the prevalence of gingival recession was 78.2%. The gingival recession for buccal surfaces measured approximately between 1 and 2 mm was 17.4%. The number of gingival recession site of male subjects was significantly higher than that of the female ones (P < 0.05). The dental calculus and plaque levels of mandibular teeth were significantly higher than those of the maxillary teeth (P < 0.05). The multiple regression analyses showed that age, smoking duration, traumatic toothbrushing and high frenum are significant contributors to gingival recession. CONCLUSIONS: Periodontal condition is very high in this population. High level of gingival recession in this population is significantly associated with a high level of dental plaque and calculus, male gender, smoking duration, toothbrushing frequency, traumatic toothbrushing and high frenum. SN - 1601-5037 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19413547/Gingival_recession:_epidemiology_and_risk_indicators_in_a_university_dental_hospital_in_Turkey_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1601-5037.2008.00348.x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -