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[Plasmodium falciparum malaria acquired in Sub-Saharan Africa].
Medicina (B Aires). 2009; 69(1 Pt 2):163-6.M

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to present the cases of malaria caused by Plasmodium falciparum in travelers coming from tropical Africa, who were treated at the Hospital Alemán (Buenos Aires). African malaria was defined as an infection acquired in any country within Africa, diagnosed and treated in Argentina. Diagnostic tools included clinical features and optic microscopy with Giemsa stained peripheral blood films. We reviewed the medical records of 11 adult patients -five tourists and six sailors- with no history of malaria, immunosuppressive condition or associated morbidity, admitted from 1993 to 2007. The age ranged from 21 to 48 years old, nine of them were males and two females. The patients were retrospectively classified into severe malaria -six of them- or mild malaria -five of them- according to severity criteria established by the World Health Organization, within the first three days of the beginnings of the symptoms. All patients presented fever; severe complications included encephalitis, renal failure, bleeding, haemoglobinuria, hypoglycemia, and pulmonary edema. Three patients required admission at the intensive care unit; no patient died. Only three off them had received properly chemoprophylaxis before traveling; all received treatment with at least one of the following drugs: mefloquine, quinidine, clyndamicine and cotrimoxazol.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Servicio de Infectología, Inmunología y Epidemiología Hospitalaria, Hospital Alemán, 111 Buenos Aires, Argentina. radurlach@yahoo.com.arNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Case Reports
English Abstract
Journal Article

Language

spa

PubMed ID

19414299

Citation

Durlach, Ricardo, et al. "[Plasmodium Falciparum Malaria Acquired in Sub-Saharan Africa]." Medicina, vol. 69, no. 1 Pt 2, 2009, pp. 163-6.
Durlach R, Rodríguez VE, Ezcurra C, et al. [Plasmodium falciparum malaria acquired in Sub-Saharan Africa]. Medicina (B Aires). 2009;69(1 Pt 2):163-6.
Durlach, R., Rodríguez, V. E., Ezcurra, C., & Freuler, C. (2009). [Plasmodium falciparum malaria acquired in Sub-Saharan Africa]. Medicina, 69(1 Pt 2), 163-6.
Durlach R, et al. [Plasmodium Falciparum Malaria Acquired in Sub-Saharan Africa]. Medicina (B Aires). 2009;69(1 Pt 2):163-6. PubMed PMID: 19414299.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [Plasmodium falciparum malaria acquired in Sub-Saharan Africa]. AU - Durlach,Ricardo, AU - Rodríguez,Viviana E, AU - Ezcurra,Cecilia, AU - Freuler,Cristina, PY - 2009/5/6/entrez PY - 2009/5/6/pubmed PY - 2010/3/20/medline SP - 163 EP - 6 JF - Medicina JO - Medicina (B Aires) VL - 69 IS - 1 Pt 2 N2 - The purpose of this paper is to present the cases of malaria caused by Plasmodium falciparum in travelers coming from tropical Africa, who were treated at the Hospital Alemán (Buenos Aires). African malaria was defined as an infection acquired in any country within Africa, diagnosed and treated in Argentina. Diagnostic tools included clinical features and optic microscopy with Giemsa stained peripheral blood films. We reviewed the medical records of 11 adult patients -five tourists and six sailors- with no history of malaria, immunosuppressive condition or associated morbidity, admitted from 1993 to 2007. The age ranged from 21 to 48 years old, nine of them were males and two females. The patients were retrospectively classified into severe malaria -six of them- or mild malaria -five of them- according to severity criteria established by the World Health Organization, within the first three days of the beginnings of the symptoms. All patients presented fever; severe complications included encephalitis, renal failure, bleeding, haemoglobinuria, hypoglycemia, and pulmonary edema. Three patients required admission at the intensive care unit; no patient died. Only three off them had received properly chemoprophylaxis before traveling; all received treatment with at least one of the following drugs: mefloquine, quinidine, clyndamicine and cotrimoxazol. SN - 0025-7680 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19414299/[Plasmodium_falciparum_malaria_acquired_in_Sub_Saharan_Africa]_ L2 - http://www.diseaseinfosearch.org/result/4415 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -