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Effects of a minimum interval immunization schedule for diphtheria and tetanus toxoids and acellular pertussis vaccination during a pertussis outbreak.
Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2009 May; 163(5):417-21.AP

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To examine the impact of a minimum interval schedule for administering diphtheria and tetanus toxoids and acellular pertussis vaccine (DTaP) in infants during a statewide pertussis outbreak on receipt of inactivated polio vaccine (IPV) and pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV).

DESIGN

Retrospective cohort study using the state immunization registry.

SETTING

Arizona.

PARTICIPANTS

Arizona children born between February 1 and September 30, 2005, who received their initial DTaP dose during a statewide pertussis outbreak (N = 45 129). Main Exposures Children who received at least 1 dose of DTaP on the minimum interval schedule (minimum interval group) compared with children who received all doses of DTaP on the standard childhood and adolescent immunization schedule (standard group).

OUTCOME MEASURES

Timing and receipt of 3 doses of the DTaP, IPV, and PCV.

RESULTS

Compared with children in the standard group, children in the minimum interval group were more likely to receive 3 doses of DTaP (relative risk, 1.34; 95% confidence interval, 1.32-1.35), 3 doses of IPV (1.27; 1.25-1.29), and 3 doses of PCV (1.37; 1.35-1.39).

CONCLUSION

Recommending a minimum interval DTaP schedule during a statewide pertussis outbreak had a positive association with the receipt of IPV and PCV, 2 vaccines normally administered at the same time as DTaP.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Arizona Department of Health Services, Phoenix, AZ 85007, USA.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19414686

Citation

Bronson-Lowe, Daniel, and Shoana M. Anderson. "Effects of a Minimum Interval Immunization Schedule for Diphtheria and Tetanus Toxoids and Acellular Pertussis Vaccination During a Pertussis Outbreak." Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, vol. 163, no. 5, 2009, pp. 417-21.
Bronson-Lowe D, Anderson SM. Effects of a minimum interval immunization schedule for diphtheria and tetanus toxoids and acellular pertussis vaccination during a pertussis outbreak. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2009;163(5):417-21.
Bronson-Lowe, D., & Anderson, S. M. (2009). Effects of a minimum interval immunization schedule for diphtheria and tetanus toxoids and acellular pertussis vaccination during a pertussis outbreak. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, 163(5), 417-21. https://doi.org/10.1001/archpediatrics.2009.53
Bronson-Lowe D, Anderson SM. Effects of a Minimum Interval Immunization Schedule for Diphtheria and Tetanus Toxoids and Acellular Pertussis Vaccination During a Pertussis Outbreak. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2009;163(5):417-21. PubMed PMID: 19414686.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Effects of a minimum interval immunization schedule for diphtheria and tetanus toxoids and acellular pertussis vaccination during a pertussis outbreak. AU - Bronson-Lowe,Daniel, AU - Anderson,Shoana M, PY - 2009/5/6/entrez PY - 2009/5/6/pubmed PY - 2009/5/27/medline SP - 417 EP - 21 JF - Archives of pediatrics & adolescent medicine JO - Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med VL - 163 IS - 5 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact of a minimum interval schedule for administering diphtheria and tetanus toxoids and acellular pertussis vaccine (DTaP) in infants during a statewide pertussis outbreak on receipt of inactivated polio vaccine (IPV) and pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV). DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study using the state immunization registry. SETTING: Arizona. PARTICIPANTS: Arizona children born between February 1 and September 30, 2005, who received their initial DTaP dose during a statewide pertussis outbreak (N = 45 129). Main Exposures Children who received at least 1 dose of DTaP on the minimum interval schedule (minimum interval group) compared with children who received all doses of DTaP on the standard childhood and adolescent immunization schedule (standard group). OUTCOME MEASURES: Timing and receipt of 3 doses of the DTaP, IPV, and PCV. RESULTS: Compared with children in the standard group, children in the minimum interval group were more likely to receive 3 doses of DTaP (relative risk, 1.34; 95% confidence interval, 1.32-1.35), 3 doses of IPV (1.27; 1.25-1.29), and 3 doses of PCV (1.37; 1.35-1.39). CONCLUSION: Recommending a minimum interval DTaP schedule during a statewide pertussis outbreak had a positive association with the receipt of IPV and PCV, 2 vaccines normally administered at the same time as DTaP. SN - 1538-3628 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19414686/Effects_of_a_minimum_interval_immunization_schedule_for_diphtheria_and_tetanus_toxoids_and_acellular_pertussis_vaccination_during_a_pertussis_outbreak_ L2 - https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamapediatrics/fullarticle/10.1001/archpediatrics.2009.53 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -