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Chronic morbidity of former prisoners of war and other Australian veterans.
Med J Aust 1991; 155(10):705-7, 710-2MJ

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

This report is the first summary article from a review of studies on long-term morbidity associated with war service or internment, commissioned by the Sir Edward Dunlop Medical Research Foundation.

DATA SOURCES

The Medlars database, from 1966 to the present, under the terms military personnel, veterans, veterans' disability claims, combat disorders and prisoners (matched against war); databases of the Department of Veterans' Affairs (Victoria) and the Central Library, Commonwealth Department of Defence, using the term "prisoner of war"; and the microfiche listings of the Department of Veterans' Affairs, under "prisoner of war" and "repatriation". Only studies in English or French were reviewed, reaching a total of 172.

STUDY SELECTION

Forty-eight studies are considered in the present summary, presenting the most significant evidence about long-term morbidity attributable to war-time experiences. Studies concerning Australian veterans are emphasised.

DATA EXTRACTION

Studies considered valid were summarised for an annotated bibliography, but only reports of major public health significance are reviewed here.

DATA SYNTHESIS

The review confirms that strongyloidiasis, peptic ulcer, anxiety states, depression and hepatitis B are more prevalent in former prisoners of war than in relevant comparison groups. We have not identified further diagnoses that should be attributed specifically to war-time exposures. Attribution of long-term neurological and musculoskeletal disorders to war-time exposures remains uncertain.

CONCLUSIONS

Former prisoners of war and veterans constitute a population of survivors highly selected by the rigours of war and imprisonment. Occurrence of the five conditions listed above may be reasonably attributed to war-time exposure. We recommend further research on ageing (including neurological, visual, hearing and musculoskeletal disability), family disruption and rehabilitation strategies in these groups.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Community Medicine, University of Melbourne, Carlton, Vic.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

1943902

Citation

Venn, A J., and C S. Guest. "Chronic Morbidity of Former Prisoners of War and Other Australian Veterans." The Medical Journal of Australia, vol. 155, no. 10, 1991, pp. 705-7, 710-2.
Venn AJ, Guest CS. Chronic morbidity of former prisoners of war and other Australian veterans. Med J Aust. 1991;155(10):705-7, 710-2.
Venn, A. J., & Guest, C. S. (1991). Chronic morbidity of former prisoners of war and other Australian veterans. The Medical Journal of Australia, 155(10), pp. 705-7, 710-2.
Venn AJ, Guest CS. Chronic Morbidity of Former Prisoners of War and Other Australian Veterans. Med J Aust. 1991 Nov 18;155(10):705-7, 710-2. PubMed PMID: 1943902.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Chronic morbidity of former prisoners of war and other Australian veterans. AU - Venn,A J, AU - Guest,C S, PY - 1991/11/18/pubmed PY - 1991/11/18/medline PY - 1991/11/18/entrez SP - 705-7, 710-2 JF - The Medical journal of Australia JO - Med. J. Aust. VL - 155 IS - 10 N2 - OBJECTIVE: This report is the first summary article from a review of studies on long-term morbidity associated with war service or internment, commissioned by the Sir Edward Dunlop Medical Research Foundation. DATA SOURCES: The Medlars database, from 1966 to the present, under the terms military personnel, veterans, veterans' disability claims, combat disorders and prisoners (matched against war); databases of the Department of Veterans' Affairs (Victoria) and the Central Library, Commonwealth Department of Defence, using the term "prisoner of war"; and the microfiche listings of the Department of Veterans' Affairs, under "prisoner of war" and "repatriation". Only studies in English or French were reviewed, reaching a total of 172. STUDY SELECTION: Forty-eight studies are considered in the present summary, presenting the most significant evidence about long-term morbidity attributable to war-time experiences. Studies concerning Australian veterans are emphasised. DATA EXTRACTION: Studies considered valid were summarised for an annotated bibliography, but only reports of major public health significance are reviewed here. DATA SYNTHESIS: The review confirms that strongyloidiasis, peptic ulcer, anxiety states, depression and hepatitis B are more prevalent in former prisoners of war than in relevant comparison groups. We have not identified further diagnoses that should be attributed specifically to war-time exposures. Attribution of long-term neurological and musculoskeletal disorders to war-time exposures remains uncertain. CONCLUSIONS: Former prisoners of war and veterans constitute a population of survivors highly selected by the rigours of war and imprisonment. Occurrence of the five conditions listed above may be reasonably attributed to war-time exposure. We recommend further research on ageing (including neurological, visual, hearing and musculoskeletal disability), family disruption and rehabilitation strategies in these groups. SN - 0025-729X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/1943902/Chronic_morbidity_of_former_prisoners_of_war_and_other_Australian_veterans_ L2 - https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/openurl?genre=article&sid=nlm:pubmed&issn=0025-729X&date=1991&volume=155&issue=10&spage=705 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -