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Rimonabant: an antagonist drug of the endocannabinoid system for the treatment of obesity.
Pharmacol Rep. 2009 Mar-Apr; 61(2):217-24.PR

Abstract

Obesity, an ever-increasing problem in the industrialized world, has long been a target of research for a cure or, at least, control of its expansion. In the search for treatment, the recently discovered endocannabinoid system has emerged as a new target for controlling obesity and its associated conditions. The endocannabinoid system plays an important role in controlling weight and energy balance in humans. This system is activated to a greater extent in obese patients, and the specific blockage of its receptors is the aim of rimonabant, one of the most recent drugs created for the treatment of obesity. This drug acts as a blockade for endocannabinoid receptors found in the brain and peripheral organs that play an important role on carbohydrate and fat metabolism. Clinical studies have confirmed that, when used in combination with a low calorie diet, rimonabant promotes loss in body weight, loss in abdominal circumference, and improvements in dyslipidemia. Rimonabant is also being tested as a potential anti-smoking treatment since endocannabinoids are related to the pleasurable effect of nicotine. Thus, rimonabant constitutes a new therapeutic approach to obesity and cardiovascular risk factors. Studies show effectiveness in weight loss; however, side effects such as psychiatric alterations have been reported, including depression and anxiety. These side effects have led the FDA (Food and Drug Administration) to not approve this drug in the United States. For a more complete evaluation on the safety of this drug, additional studies are in progress.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Toxicology Institute, Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul, Av. Ipiranga 6681, Prédio 12, Bloco D, Sala 140, CEP: 90619-900, Porto Alegre - RS, Brazil.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19443932

Citation

Leite, Carlos E., et al. "Rimonabant: an Antagonist Drug of the Endocannabinoid System for the Treatment of Obesity." Pharmacological Reports : PR, vol. 61, no. 2, 2009, pp. 217-24.
Leite CE, Mocelin CA, Petersen GO, et al. Rimonabant: an antagonist drug of the endocannabinoid system for the treatment of obesity. Pharmacol Rep. 2009;61(2):217-24.
Leite, C. E., Mocelin, C. A., Petersen, G. O., Leal, M. B., & Thiesen, F. V. (2009). Rimonabant: an antagonist drug of the endocannabinoid system for the treatment of obesity. Pharmacological Reports : PR, 61(2), 217-24.
Leite CE, et al. Rimonabant: an Antagonist Drug of the Endocannabinoid System for the Treatment of Obesity. Pharmacol Rep. 2009 Mar-Apr;61(2):217-24. PubMed PMID: 19443932.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Rimonabant: an antagonist drug of the endocannabinoid system for the treatment of obesity. AU - Leite,Carlos E, AU - Mocelin,Clei A, AU - Petersen,Guilherme O, AU - Leal,Mirna B, AU - Thiesen,Flavia V, PY - 2008/02/28/received PY - 2009/02/13/revised PY - 2009/5/16/entrez PY - 2009/5/16/pubmed PY - 2009/7/15/medline SP - 217 EP - 24 JF - Pharmacological reports : PR JO - Pharmacol Rep VL - 61 IS - 2 N2 - Obesity, an ever-increasing problem in the industrialized world, has long been a target of research for a cure or, at least, control of its expansion. In the search for treatment, the recently discovered endocannabinoid system has emerged as a new target for controlling obesity and its associated conditions. The endocannabinoid system plays an important role in controlling weight and energy balance in humans. This system is activated to a greater extent in obese patients, and the specific blockage of its receptors is the aim of rimonabant, one of the most recent drugs created for the treatment of obesity. This drug acts as a blockade for endocannabinoid receptors found in the brain and peripheral organs that play an important role on carbohydrate and fat metabolism. Clinical studies have confirmed that, when used in combination with a low calorie diet, rimonabant promotes loss in body weight, loss in abdominal circumference, and improvements in dyslipidemia. Rimonabant is also being tested as a potential anti-smoking treatment since endocannabinoids are related to the pleasurable effect of nicotine. Thus, rimonabant constitutes a new therapeutic approach to obesity and cardiovascular risk factors. Studies show effectiveness in weight loss; however, side effects such as psychiatric alterations have been reported, including depression and anxiety. These side effects have led the FDA (Food and Drug Administration) to not approve this drug in the United States. For a more complete evaluation on the safety of this drug, additional studies are in progress. SN - 1734-1140 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19443932/Rimonabant:_an_antagonist_drug_of_the_endocannabinoid_system_for_the_treatment_of_obesity_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1734-1140(09)70025-8 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -