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Lower urinary tract symptoms in women.
Curr Opin Urol. 2009 Jul; 19(4):337-41.CO

Abstract

PURPOSE OF REVIEW

To summarize recent population-based literature on the prevalence and consequences of urinary incontinence and overactive bladder (OAB) symptoms in women and describe our present knowledge regarding known risk factors.

RECENT FINDINGS

The prevalence of urinary incontinence in women ranged from 5 to 69%, with most studies reporting a prevalence of any urinary incontinence in the range of 25-45%. In a longitudinal population study in which women were followed for 16 years, the overall prevalence of urinary incontinence increased from 15 to 28%, and the incidence rate of urinary incontinence was 21%, whereas the corresponding remission rate was 34%. Increasing evidence is now available regarding a genetic component in the cause of stress urinary incontinence. The reported prevalence of OAB in women varied between 7.7 and 31.3%, and in general, prevalence rates increased with age. In a longitudinal study, the prevalence of OAB, nocturia and daytime micturition frequency of eight or more times per day increased by 9, 20 and 3%, respectively, in a cohort of women followed from 1991 to 2007. The incidence of OAB was 20%, and the corresponding remission rate was 43%.

SUMMARY

Urinary incontinence and OAB are highly prevalent conditions. The cost of illness for urinary incontinence and OAB is a substantial economic and human burden and is likely to increase further in the future, highlighting the need for effective forms of management.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Sahlgrenska Academy at Gothenburg University, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden. ian.milsom@gu.se

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19444118

Citation

Milsom, Ian. "Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms in Women." Current Opinion in Urology, vol. 19, no. 4, 2009, pp. 337-41.
Milsom I. Lower urinary tract symptoms in women. Curr Opin Urol. 2009;19(4):337-41.
Milsom, I. (2009). Lower urinary tract symptoms in women. Current Opinion in Urology, 19(4), 337-41. https://doi.org/10.1097/MOU.0b013e32832b659d
Milsom I. Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms in Women. Curr Opin Urol. 2009;19(4):337-41. PubMed PMID: 19444118.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Lower urinary tract symptoms in women. A1 - Milsom,Ian, PY - 2009/5/16/entrez PY - 2009/5/16/pubmed PY - 2009/8/13/medline SP - 337 EP - 41 JF - Current opinion in urology JO - Curr Opin Urol VL - 19 IS - 4 N2 - PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To summarize recent population-based literature on the prevalence and consequences of urinary incontinence and overactive bladder (OAB) symptoms in women and describe our present knowledge regarding known risk factors. RECENT FINDINGS: The prevalence of urinary incontinence in women ranged from 5 to 69%, with most studies reporting a prevalence of any urinary incontinence in the range of 25-45%. In a longitudinal population study in which women were followed for 16 years, the overall prevalence of urinary incontinence increased from 15 to 28%, and the incidence rate of urinary incontinence was 21%, whereas the corresponding remission rate was 34%. Increasing evidence is now available regarding a genetic component in the cause of stress urinary incontinence. The reported prevalence of OAB in women varied between 7.7 and 31.3%, and in general, prevalence rates increased with age. In a longitudinal study, the prevalence of OAB, nocturia and daytime micturition frequency of eight or more times per day increased by 9, 20 and 3%, respectively, in a cohort of women followed from 1991 to 2007. The incidence of OAB was 20%, and the corresponding remission rate was 43%. SUMMARY: Urinary incontinence and OAB are highly prevalent conditions. The cost of illness for urinary incontinence and OAB is a substantial economic and human burden and is likely to increase further in the future, highlighting the need for effective forms of management. SN - 1473-6586 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19444118/Lower_urinary_tract_symptoms_in_women_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1097/MOU.0b013e32832b659d DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -