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Imagery rehearsal therapy for posttraumatic nightmares in U.S. veterans.
J Trauma Stress. 2009 Jun; 22(3):236-9.JT

Abstract

Imagery rehearsal therapy (IRT) may help reduce residual nightmares and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms in veterans after trauma-focused PTSD treatment. Fifteen male U.S. veterans with PTSD and trauma-related nightmares, who had not previously completed trauma-focused PTSD treatment, attended 6 IRT group sessions. No benefits were observed immediately posttreatment. At 3- and 6-month follow-up, however, trauma-related nightmare frequency (nights/week) decreased (p < .01). The number of trauma-related nightmares/week (p < .01), number of total nightmares/week (p < .05), and PTSD symptoms (p < .05) also decreased at 3 months. The overall F test for time was significant (p < .05) for nightmare severity and fear of sleep. No effects were found on measures of the impact of nightmares, sleep quality, or depression. Clinical and research implications are discussed.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Mental Health Division, Portland VA Medical Center, Portland, OR, USA. Mary.Lu@va.govNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19444882

Citation

Lu, Mary, et al. "Imagery Rehearsal Therapy for Posttraumatic Nightmares in U.S. Veterans." Journal of Traumatic Stress, vol. 22, no. 3, 2009, pp. 236-9.
Lu M, Wagner A, Van Male L, et al. Imagery rehearsal therapy for posttraumatic nightmares in U.S. veterans. J Trauma Stress. 2009;22(3):236-9.
Lu, M., Wagner, A., Van Male, L., Whitehead, A., & Boehnlein, J. (2009). Imagery rehearsal therapy for posttraumatic nightmares in U.S. veterans. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 22(3), 236-9. https://doi.org/10.1002/jts.20407
Lu M, et al. Imagery Rehearsal Therapy for Posttraumatic Nightmares in U.S. Veterans. J Trauma Stress. 2009;22(3):236-9. PubMed PMID: 19444882.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Imagery rehearsal therapy for posttraumatic nightmares in U.S. veterans. AU - Lu,Mary, AU - Wagner,Amy, AU - Van Male,Lynn, AU - Whitehead,Ashlee, AU - Boehnlein,James, PY - 2009/5/16/entrez PY - 2009/5/16/pubmed PY - 2009/10/24/medline SP - 236 EP - 9 JF - Journal of traumatic stress JO - J Trauma Stress VL - 22 IS - 3 N2 - Imagery rehearsal therapy (IRT) may help reduce residual nightmares and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms in veterans after trauma-focused PTSD treatment. Fifteen male U.S. veterans with PTSD and trauma-related nightmares, who had not previously completed trauma-focused PTSD treatment, attended 6 IRT group sessions. No benefits were observed immediately posttreatment. At 3- and 6-month follow-up, however, trauma-related nightmare frequency (nights/week) decreased (p < .01). The number of trauma-related nightmares/week (p < .01), number of total nightmares/week (p < .05), and PTSD symptoms (p < .05) also decreased at 3 months. The overall F test for time was significant (p < .05) for nightmare severity and fear of sleep. No effects were found on measures of the impact of nightmares, sleep quality, or depression. Clinical and research implications are discussed. SN - 1573-6598 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19444882/Imagery_rehearsal_therapy_for_posttraumatic_nightmares_in_U_S__veterans_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1002/jts.20407 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -