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Education and improved iron intakes for treatment of mild iron-deficiency anemia in adolescent girls in southern Benin.
Food Nutr Bull. 2009 Mar; 30(1):24-36.FN

Abstract

BACKGROUND

To our knowledge, the impact of a nutrition education program combined with an increase in bioavailable dietary iron to treat iron-deficiency anemia has never been studied in adolescent girls.

OBJECTIVE

To evaluate the impact of an intensive dietary program for the treatment of iron-deficiency anemia in 34 intervention and 34 control boarding-school girls aged 12 to 17 years from Benin.

METHODS

A quasi-experimental design consisting of 4 weeks of nutrition education combined with an increase in the content and bioavailability of dietary iron for 22 weeks was implemented in the intervention school, but not in the control school. Data were obtained from both groups from a nutrition knowledge questionnaire, 24-hour dietary recalls, anthropometric measurements, measurement of iron status indices, and screening for malarial and intestinal parasitic infections.

RESULTS

Nutrition knowledge scores and mean intakes of nutrients, including dietary iron, absorbable iron, and vitamin C, were significantly higher in the intervention group (p < .05) than in the control group after 26 weeks. Mean hemoglobin and serum ferritin values were also significantly higher in the intervention group than in the control group (122 vs. 112 g/L [p = .0002] and 32 vs. 19 microg/L [p = .04], respectively), whereas the prevalence of anemia (32% vs. 85% [p = .005] and iron-deficiency anemia (26% vs. 56% [p = .04]) was significantly lower in the intervention group than in the control group. No significant differences between the groups were observed in intestinal parasitic infections or malaria status postintervention.

CONCLUSIONS

A multidietary strategy aiming to improve available dietary iron can reduce iron-deficiency anemia in adolescent girls.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Université Laval, Québec, Canada.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Evaluation Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19445257

Citation

Alaofè, Halimatou, et al. "Education and Improved Iron Intakes for Treatment of Mild Iron-deficiency Anemia in Adolescent Girls in Southern Benin." Food and Nutrition Bulletin, vol. 30, no. 1, 2009, pp. 24-36.
Alaofè H, Zee J, Dossa R, et al. Education and improved iron intakes for treatment of mild iron-deficiency anemia in adolescent girls in southern Benin. Food Nutr Bull. 2009;30(1):24-36.
Alaofè, H., Zee, J., Dossa, R., & O'Brien, H. T. (2009). Education and improved iron intakes for treatment of mild iron-deficiency anemia in adolescent girls in southern Benin. Food and Nutrition Bulletin, 30(1), 24-36.
Alaofè H, et al. Education and Improved Iron Intakes for Treatment of Mild Iron-deficiency Anemia in Adolescent Girls in Southern Benin. Food Nutr Bull. 2009;30(1):24-36. PubMed PMID: 19445257.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Education and improved iron intakes for treatment of mild iron-deficiency anemia in adolescent girls in southern Benin. AU - Alaofè,Halimatou, AU - Zee,John, AU - Dossa,Romain, AU - O'Brien,Huguette Turgeon, PY - 2009/5/19/entrez PY - 2009/5/19/pubmed PY - 2009/6/12/medline SP - 24 EP - 36 JF - Food and nutrition bulletin JO - Food Nutr Bull VL - 30 IS - 1 N2 - BACKGROUND: To our knowledge, the impact of a nutrition education program combined with an increase in bioavailable dietary iron to treat iron-deficiency anemia has never been studied in adolescent girls. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of an intensive dietary program for the treatment of iron-deficiency anemia in 34 intervention and 34 control boarding-school girls aged 12 to 17 years from Benin. METHODS: A quasi-experimental design consisting of 4 weeks of nutrition education combined with an increase in the content and bioavailability of dietary iron for 22 weeks was implemented in the intervention school, but not in the control school. Data were obtained from both groups from a nutrition knowledge questionnaire, 24-hour dietary recalls, anthropometric measurements, measurement of iron status indices, and screening for malarial and intestinal parasitic infections. RESULTS: Nutrition knowledge scores and mean intakes of nutrients, including dietary iron, absorbable iron, and vitamin C, were significantly higher in the intervention group (p < .05) than in the control group after 26 weeks. Mean hemoglobin and serum ferritin values were also significantly higher in the intervention group than in the control group (122 vs. 112 g/L [p = .0002] and 32 vs. 19 microg/L [p = .04], respectively), whereas the prevalence of anemia (32% vs. 85% [p = .005] and iron-deficiency anemia (26% vs. 56% [p = .04]) was significantly lower in the intervention group than in the control group. No significant differences between the groups were observed in intestinal parasitic infections or malaria status postintervention. CONCLUSIONS: A multidietary strategy aiming to improve available dietary iron can reduce iron-deficiency anemia in adolescent girls. SN - 0379-5721 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19445257/Education_and_improved_iron_intakes_for_treatment_of_mild_iron_deficiency_anemia_in_adolescent_girls_in_southern_Benin_ L2 - https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/156482650903000103?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&amp;rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&amp;rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -