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Using the Practice Environment Scale of the Nursing Work Index on Asian nurses.
Nurs Res. 2009 May-Jun; 58(3):218-25.NR

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Researchers have used the Practice Environment Scale of the Nursing Work Index (PES-NWI) to examine the perception of practice environment among U.S. nurses in general; however, the scale has not been used to measure perceptions specifically among Asian nurses working in the United States, the largest group of international nurses in the nation.

OBJECTIVE

The purpose of this study was to test the reliability and the validity of the PES-NWI scale when applied to Asian nurses working in the United States.

METHODS

The study used a cross-sectional design with snowball sampling. Data from 230 Asian nurses who were born in Far Eastern countries and had worked at least 6 months in their current job at a U.S. hospital were analyzed, using Cronbach's alpha, item-total and interitem correlation, and factor analysis.

RESULTS

The Cronbach's alpha for the PES-NWI was.96, and the item-total correlation coefficients ranged from.49 to.79. Five factors, which explained 59.12% of variance in the perception of practice environment, emerged: Nurse Participation and Development; Nurse Manager Ability, Leadership, and Support of Nurses; Nursing Foundations for Quality of Care; Staffing and Resource Adequacy; and Collegial Nurse-Physician Relations. Four derived factors were reconstructed, and one factor was renamed based on the meanings of scale items that were included in the factor.

DISCUSSION

Study findings demonstrate that the PES-NWI is a reliable and a valid scale when applied to Asian nurses working in the United States. Findings also indicate that Asian nurses perceive practice environments differently than do American nurses, most likely due to dissimilar cultural beliefs. A better understanding of these differences may help develop more individualized support for Asian nurses as they adapt to working in the United States.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Nursing Department, Chang Gung Institute of Technology, Chia-Yi, Taiwan, ROC.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Validation Study

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19448526

Citation

Liou, Shwu-Ru, and Ching-Yu Cheng. "Using the Practice Environment Scale of the Nursing Work Index On Asian Nurses." Nursing Research, vol. 58, no. 3, 2009, pp. 218-25.
Liou SR, Cheng CY. Using the Practice Environment Scale of the Nursing Work Index on Asian nurses. Nurs Res. 2009;58(3):218-25.
Liou, S. R., & Cheng, C. Y. (2009). Using the Practice Environment Scale of the Nursing Work Index on Asian nurses. Nursing Research, 58(3), 218-25. https://doi.org/10.1097/NNR.0b013e3181a308cd
Liou SR, Cheng CY. Using the Practice Environment Scale of the Nursing Work Index On Asian Nurses. Nurs Res. 2009 May-Jun;58(3):218-25. PubMed PMID: 19448526.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Using the Practice Environment Scale of the Nursing Work Index on Asian nurses. AU - Liou,Shwu-Ru, AU - Cheng,Ching-Yu, PY - 2009/5/19/entrez PY - 2009/5/19/pubmed PY - 2009/5/29/medline SP - 218 EP - 25 JF - Nursing research JO - Nurs Res VL - 58 IS - 3 N2 - BACKGROUND: Researchers have used the Practice Environment Scale of the Nursing Work Index (PES-NWI) to examine the perception of practice environment among U.S. nurses in general; however, the scale has not been used to measure perceptions specifically among Asian nurses working in the United States, the largest group of international nurses in the nation. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to test the reliability and the validity of the PES-NWI scale when applied to Asian nurses working in the United States. METHODS: The study used a cross-sectional design with snowball sampling. Data from 230 Asian nurses who were born in Far Eastern countries and had worked at least 6 months in their current job at a U.S. hospital were analyzed, using Cronbach's alpha, item-total and interitem correlation, and factor analysis. RESULTS: The Cronbach's alpha for the PES-NWI was.96, and the item-total correlation coefficients ranged from.49 to.79. Five factors, which explained 59.12% of variance in the perception of practice environment, emerged: Nurse Participation and Development; Nurse Manager Ability, Leadership, and Support of Nurses; Nursing Foundations for Quality of Care; Staffing and Resource Adequacy; and Collegial Nurse-Physician Relations. Four derived factors were reconstructed, and one factor was renamed based on the meanings of scale items that were included in the factor. DISCUSSION: Study findings demonstrate that the PES-NWI is a reliable and a valid scale when applied to Asian nurses working in the United States. Findings also indicate that Asian nurses perceive practice environments differently than do American nurses, most likely due to dissimilar cultural beliefs. A better understanding of these differences may help develop more individualized support for Asian nurses as they adapt to working in the United States. SN - 1538-9847 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19448526/Using_the_Practice_Environment_Scale_of_the_Nursing_Work_Index_on_Asian_nurses_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1097/NNR.0b013e3181a308cd DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -