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Can imagined interactions produce positive perceptions? Reducing prejudice through simulated social contact.
Am Psychol. 2009 May-Jun; 64(4):231-40.AP

Abstract

The contact hypothesis states that, under the right conditions, contact between members of different groups leads to more positive intergroup relations. The authors track recent trends in contact theory to the emergence of extended, or indirect, forms of contact. These advances lead to an intriguing proposition: that simply imagining intergroup interactions can produce more positive perceptions of outgroups. The authors discuss empirical research supporting the imagined contact proposition and find it to be an approach that is at once deceptively simple and remarkably effective. Encouraging people to mentally simulate a positive intergroup encounter leads to improved outgroup attitudes and reduced stereotyping. It curtails intergroup anxiety and extends the attribution of perceivers' positive traits to others. The authors describe the advantages and disadvantages of imagined contact compared to conventional strategies, outline an agenda for future research, and discuss applications for policymakers and educators in their efforts to encourage more positive intergroup relations.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Centre for the Study of Group Processes, Department of Psychology, University of Kent, Canterbury, Kent CT2 7NP, United Kingdom. r.crisp@kent.ac.ukNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19449982

Citation

Crisp, Richard J., and Rhiannon N. Turner. "Can Imagined Interactions Produce Positive Perceptions? Reducing Prejudice Through Simulated Social Contact." The American Psychologist, vol. 64, no. 4, 2009, pp. 231-40.
Crisp RJ, Turner RN. Can imagined interactions produce positive perceptions? Reducing prejudice through simulated social contact. Am Psychol. 2009;64(4):231-40.
Crisp, R. J., & Turner, R. N. (2009). Can imagined interactions produce positive perceptions? Reducing prejudice through simulated social contact. The American Psychologist, 64(4), 231-40. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0014718
Crisp RJ, Turner RN. Can Imagined Interactions Produce Positive Perceptions? Reducing Prejudice Through Simulated Social Contact. Am Psychol. 2009 May-Jun;64(4):231-40. PubMed PMID: 19449982.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Can imagined interactions produce positive perceptions? Reducing prejudice through simulated social contact. AU - Crisp,Richard J, AU - Turner,Rhiannon N, PY - 2009/5/20/entrez PY - 2009/5/20/pubmed PY - 2009/9/26/medline SP - 231 EP - 40 JF - The American psychologist JO - Am Psychol VL - 64 IS - 4 N2 - The contact hypothesis states that, under the right conditions, contact between members of different groups leads to more positive intergroup relations. The authors track recent trends in contact theory to the emergence of extended, or indirect, forms of contact. These advances lead to an intriguing proposition: that simply imagining intergroup interactions can produce more positive perceptions of outgroups. The authors discuss empirical research supporting the imagined contact proposition and find it to be an approach that is at once deceptively simple and remarkably effective. Encouraging people to mentally simulate a positive intergroup encounter leads to improved outgroup attitudes and reduced stereotyping. It curtails intergroup anxiety and extends the attribution of perceivers' positive traits to others. The authors describe the advantages and disadvantages of imagined contact compared to conventional strategies, outline an agenda for future research, and discuss applications for policymakers and educators in their efforts to encourage more positive intergroup relations. SN - 0003-066X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19449982/Can_imagined_interactions_produce_positive_perceptions_Reducing_prejudice_through_simulated_social_contact_ L2 - http://content.apa.org/journals/amp/64/4/231 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -