Dietary soy isoflavone replacement improves detrusor overactivity of ovariectomized rats with altered connexin-43 expression in the urinary bladder.BJU Int. 2009 May; 103(10):1429-35.BI
To evaluate the effects of dietary soy isoflavone on detrusor overactivity (DO) in ovariectomized (Ovx) rats and the association between these effects and expression of the gap junction protein, connexin-43, in the urinary bladder, and to discuss the usefulness of soy isoflavones for overactive bladder (OAB).
MATERIALS AND METHODS
In all, 24 (8-week-old) virgin female Sprague-Dawley rats were divided equally into four groups: sham operation with control diet (with no dietary soy isoflavones; Sham-CD), bilateral Ovx with CD (Ovx-CD), sham operation with soy isoflavone diet (Sham-ID), bilateral Ovx with soy ID (Ovx-ID). Cystometry was performed after the 4-week CD or ID in each group while awake. Quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), immunohistochemical and Western blot analyses were also performed to examine the expression of connexin-43 in each group.
In Ovx-CD rats, there were some significant changes in cystometry variables, including shortening of the intercontraction interval and an increased number of non-voiding contractions compared with Sham-CD rats (P < 0.05). These changes were significantly improved by 4-week soy isoflavone administration (Ovx-ID; P < 0.05). Quantitative RT-PCR, immunohistochemical and Western blot analyses showed that the expression level of connexin-43 mRNA and protein was significantly greater in the urinary bladder of Ovx-CD rats compared with Sham-CD rats. Soy isoflavone administration significantly reduced this increased expression (Ovx-ID).
Soy isoflavone replacement improved DO with alteration of the connexin-43 expression pattern in the urinary bladder of Ovx rats. Routine consumption of diet soy isoflavones may be a useful treatment to prevent and improve OAB.