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Obesity measures, metabolic profiles and dietary fatty acids in lean and obese postmenopausal diabetic Asian Indian women.
Anthropol Anz. 2009 Mar; 67(1):83-93.AA

Abstract

The present investigation was aimed to compare anthropometric, metabolic and dietary fatty acids profiles in lean and obese postmenopausal diabetic Asian Indian women. A total of 125 postmenopausal Asian Indian women (Group I: lean postmenopausal control, n = 50; Group II: lean postmenopausal diabetic, n = 40 and Group III: obese postmenopausal diabetic, n = 35) aged 40 years and above were studied. Anthropometric [height, weight, waist (WC) and hip circumference] metabolic [total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), high (HDL), low density lipoprotein (LDL) and fasting plasma glucose (FPG)] and dietary profiles were collected from each participant. Body mass index (BMI), waist-hip ratio (WHR) and conicity index (CI) were subsequently computed. Obesity was defined as women having a BMI > or = 25 kg/m2. An open-ended 24 h food recall schedule was used to collect nutrient information from each participant. Daily intake of nutrients including saturated (SFA), monounsaturated (MUFA) and polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) were also estimated on weekly and monthly basis. Group I had significantly lower mean than both Group II and Group III for WC, WHR, CI, TC, TG, LDL, FPG and total carbohydrates. On the other hand, Group I had significantly greater mean than both Group II and Group III for UFA/SFA, MUFA/SFA and PUFA/SFA. Discriminant analysis had revealed that overall 88% of all cases were correctly (positively) classified in three groups using fatty acids and their ratios. It seems reasonable to argue that while dealing with postmenopausal diabetic women, clinicians should consider obesity measures, lipids and dietary fatty acids simultaneously to better comprehend clinical assessments and risk stratification.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Biomedical Research Laboratory, Department of Anthropology, Visva Bharati University, Santiniketan, West Bengal, India. arnab_cu@rediffmail.com

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19462679

Citation

Ghosh, Arnab. "Obesity Measures, Metabolic Profiles and Dietary Fatty Acids in Lean and Obese Postmenopausal Diabetic Asian Indian Women." Anthropologischer Anzeiger; Bericht Uber Die Biologisch-anthropologische Literatur, vol. 67, no. 1, 2009, pp. 83-93.
Ghosh A. Obesity measures, metabolic profiles and dietary fatty acids in lean and obese postmenopausal diabetic Asian Indian women. Anthropol Anz. 2009;67(1):83-93.
Ghosh, A. (2009). Obesity measures, metabolic profiles and dietary fatty acids in lean and obese postmenopausal diabetic Asian Indian women. Anthropologischer Anzeiger; Bericht Uber Die Biologisch-anthropologische Literatur, 67(1), 83-93.
Ghosh A. Obesity Measures, Metabolic Profiles and Dietary Fatty Acids in Lean and Obese Postmenopausal Diabetic Asian Indian Women. Anthropol Anz. 2009;67(1):83-93. PubMed PMID: 19462679.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Obesity measures, metabolic profiles and dietary fatty acids in lean and obese postmenopausal diabetic Asian Indian women. A1 - Ghosh,Arnab, PY - 2009/5/26/entrez PY - 2009/5/26/pubmed PY - 2009/6/27/medline SP - 83 EP - 93 JF - Anthropologischer Anzeiger; Bericht uber die biologisch-anthropologische Literatur JO - Anthropol Anz VL - 67 IS - 1 N2 - The present investigation was aimed to compare anthropometric, metabolic and dietary fatty acids profiles in lean and obese postmenopausal diabetic Asian Indian women. A total of 125 postmenopausal Asian Indian women (Group I: lean postmenopausal control, n = 50; Group II: lean postmenopausal diabetic, n = 40 and Group III: obese postmenopausal diabetic, n = 35) aged 40 years and above were studied. Anthropometric [height, weight, waist (WC) and hip circumference] metabolic [total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), high (HDL), low density lipoprotein (LDL) and fasting plasma glucose (FPG)] and dietary profiles were collected from each participant. Body mass index (BMI), waist-hip ratio (WHR) and conicity index (CI) were subsequently computed. Obesity was defined as women having a BMI > or = 25 kg/m2. An open-ended 24 h food recall schedule was used to collect nutrient information from each participant. Daily intake of nutrients including saturated (SFA), monounsaturated (MUFA) and polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) were also estimated on weekly and monthly basis. Group I had significantly lower mean than both Group II and Group III for WC, WHR, CI, TC, TG, LDL, FPG and total carbohydrates. On the other hand, Group I had significantly greater mean than both Group II and Group III for UFA/SFA, MUFA/SFA and PUFA/SFA. Discriminant analysis had revealed that overall 88% of all cases were correctly (positively) classified in three groups using fatty acids and their ratios. It seems reasonable to argue that while dealing with postmenopausal diabetic women, clinicians should consider obesity measures, lipids and dietary fatty acids simultaneously to better comprehend clinical assessments and risk stratification. SN - 0003-5548 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19462679/Obesity_measures_metabolic_profiles_and_dietary_fatty_acids_in_lean_and_obese_postmenopausal_diabetic_Asian_Indian_women_ L2 - http://www.schweizerbart.de/papers/anthranz/detail/67/67363/ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -