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Effects of dance on movement control in Parkinson's disease: a comparison of Argentine tango and American ballroom.
J Rehabil Med. 2009 May; 41(6):475-81.JR

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

The basal ganglia may be selectively activated during rhythmic, metered movement such as tango dancing, which may improve motor control in individuals with Parkinson's disease. Other partner dances may be more suitable and preferable for those with Parkinson's disease. The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of tango, waltz/foxtrot and no intervention on functional motor control in individuals with Parkinson's disease.

DESIGN

This study employed a randomized, between- notsubject, prospective, repeated measures design.

SUBJECTS/PATIENTS

Fifty-eight people with mild-moderate Parkinson's disease participated.

METHODS

Participants were randomly assigned to tango, waltz/foxtrot or no intervention (control) groups. Those in the dance groups attended 1-h classes twice a week, completing 20 lessons in 13 weeks. Balance, functional mobility, forward and backward walking were evaluated before and after the intervention.

RESULTS

Both dance groups improved more than the control group, which did not improve. The tango and waltz/foxtrot groups improved significantly on the Berg Balance Scale, 6-minute walk distance, and backward stride length. The tango group improved as much or more than those in the waltz/foxtrot group on several measures.

CONCLUSION

Tango may target deficits associated with Parkinson's disease more than waltz/foxtrot, but both dances may benefit balance and locomotion.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Program in Physical Therapy, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63108, USA.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19479161

Citation

Hackney, Madeleine E., and Gammon M. Earhart. "Effects of Dance On Movement Control in Parkinson's Disease: a Comparison of Argentine Tango and American Ballroom." Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, vol. 41, no. 6, 2009, pp. 475-81.
Hackney ME, Earhart GM. Effects of dance on movement control in Parkinson's disease: a comparison of Argentine tango and American ballroom. J Rehabil Med. 2009;41(6):475-81.
Hackney, M. E., & Earhart, G. M. (2009). Effects of dance on movement control in Parkinson's disease: a comparison of Argentine tango and American ballroom. Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, 41(6), 475-81. https://doi.org/10.2340/16501977-0362
Hackney ME, Earhart GM. Effects of Dance On Movement Control in Parkinson's Disease: a Comparison of Argentine Tango and American Ballroom. J Rehabil Med. 2009;41(6):475-81. PubMed PMID: 19479161.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Effects of dance on movement control in Parkinson's disease: a comparison of Argentine tango and American ballroom. AU - Hackney,Madeleine E, AU - Earhart,Gammon M, PY - 2009/5/30/entrez PY - 2009/5/30/pubmed PY - 2009/6/6/medline SP - 475 EP - 81 JF - Journal of rehabilitation medicine JO - J Rehabil Med VL - 41 IS - 6 N2 - OBJECTIVE: The basal ganglia may be selectively activated during rhythmic, metered movement such as tango dancing, which may improve motor control in individuals with Parkinson's disease. Other partner dances may be more suitable and preferable for those with Parkinson's disease. The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of tango, waltz/foxtrot and no intervention on functional motor control in individuals with Parkinson's disease. DESIGN: This study employed a randomized, between- notsubject, prospective, repeated measures design. SUBJECTS/PATIENTS: Fifty-eight people with mild-moderate Parkinson's disease participated. METHODS: Participants were randomly assigned to tango, waltz/foxtrot or no intervention (control) groups. Those in the dance groups attended 1-h classes twice a week, completing 20 lessons in 13 weeks. Balance, functional mobility, forward and backward walking were evaluated before and after the intervention. RESULTS: Both dance groups improved more than the control group, which did not improve. The tango and waltz/foxtrot groups improved significantly on the Berg Balance Scale, 6-minute walk distance, and backward stride length. The tango group improved as much or more than those in the waltz/foxtrot group on several measures. CONCLUSION: Tango may target deficits associated with Parkinson's disease more than waltz/foxtrot, but both dances may benefit balance and locomotion. SN - 1651-2081 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19479161/Effects_of_dance_on_movement_control_in_Parkinson's_disease:_a_comparison_of_Argentine_tango_and_American_ballroom_ L2 - https://www.medicaljournals.se/jrm/content/abstract/10.2340/16501977-0362 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -