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Is it an association between body appreciation, self-criticism, oral health status and oral health-related behaviors?
Rom J Intern Med. 2008; 46(4):343-50.RJ

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

Our aim was to investigate whether body appreciation and self-criticism are associated with self-reported oral health status and oral-health-related behaviors were associated.

METHODS

The present study sample consisted of 178 first year medical students. The questionnaire included information about socio-demographic factors, behavioral variables, self-reported oral health status, self-criticism and body appreciation.

RESULTS

Significant differences were found on body appreciation and self-criticism scales according to several variables: gender, anxiety, stress, depression, smoking status, perceived dental health status, current extracted teeth, satisfaction by appearance of own teeth, self-reported gingival condition. When oral health behaviours were analysed we observed that toothbrushing frequency once a day or less was reported mainly in persons with low-levels of body appreciation (P < 0.01) and comparative self-criticism (P < 0.05). Moreover, individuals who visit their dentist mainly when treatment is needed or when in pain were compared with persons who visit their dentist mainly for check-up or for tooth cleaning and scaling; they showed lower levels of body appreciation (P = 0.005), as well as higher levels of comparative self-criticism (P < 0.05), internalized self-criticism (P < 0.05) and total self-criticism (P = 0.009). Multiple linear regression analyses revealed that anxiety in everyday life, body appreciation and comparative self-criticism scales were significantly positively associated with oral health status (r2 = 0.144; F = 3.436, P = 0.001), while body appreciation was related also to gingival health-related status (r2 = 0.087; F = 1.943, P = 0.057). When oral health behaviors were evaluated, it was shown that gender and body appreciation scale were positively associated with toothbrushing frequency (P < 0.0001).

CONCLUSIONS

The results suggest that there is an increased risk for impaired dental health status and behaviour among subjects with low levels of body appreciation and high levels of self-criticism.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Periodontology, Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Dental Medicine. alexandrina_1_dumitrescu@yahoo.co.ukNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19480301

Citation

Dumitrescu, Alexandrina L., et al. "Is It an Association Between Body Appreciation, Self-criticism, Oral Health Status and Oral Health-related Behaviors?" Romanian Journal of Internal Medicine = Revue Roumaine De Medecine Interne, vol. 46, no. 4, 2008, pp. 343-50.
Dumitrescu AL, Zetu L, Teslaru S, et al. Is it an association between body appreciation, self-criticism, oral health status and oral health-related behaviors? Rom J Intern Med. 2008;46(4):343-50.
Dumitrescu, A. L., Zetu, L., Teslaru, S., Dogaru, B. C., & Dogaru, C. D. (2008). Is it an association between body appreciation, self-criticism, oral health status and oral health-related behaviors? Romanian Journal of Internal Medicine = Revue Roumaine De Medecine Interne, 46(4), 343-50.
Dumitrescu AL, et al. Is It an Association Between Body Appreciation, Self-criticism, Oral Health Status and Oral Health-related Behaviors. Rom J Intern Med. 2008;46(4):343-50. PubMed PMID: 19480301.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Is it an association between body appreciation, self-criticism, oral health status and oral health-related behaviors? AU - Dumitrescu,Alexandrina L, AU - Zetu,L, AU - Teslaru,Silvia, AU - Dogaru,Beatrice C, AU - Dogaru,C D, PY - 2009/6/2/entrez PY - 2008/1/1/pubmed PY - 2009/6/27/medline SP - 343 EP - 50 JF - Romanian journal of internal medicine = Revue roumaine de medecine interne JO - Rom J Intern Med VL - 46 IS - 4 N2 - OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to investigate whether body appreciation and self-criticism are associated with self-reported oral health status and oral-health-related behaviors were associated. METHODS: The present study sample consisted of 178 first year medical students. The questionnaire included information about socio-demographic factors, behavioral variables, self-reported oral health status, self-criticism and body appreciation. RESULTS: Significant differences were found on body appreciation and self-criticism scales according to several variables: gender, anxiety, stress, depression, smoking status, perceived dental health status, current extracted teeth, satisfaction by appearance of own teeth, self-reported gingival condition. When oral health behaviours were analysed we observed that toothbrushing frequency once a day or less was reported mainly in persons with low-levels of body appreciation (P < 0.01) and comparative self-criticism (P < 0.05). Moreover, individuals who visit their dentist mainly when treatment is needed or when in pain were compared with persons who visit their dentist mainly for check-up or for tooth cleaning and scaling; they showed lower levels of body appreciation (P = 0.005), as well as higher levels of comparative self-criticism (P < 0.05), internalized self-criticism (P < 0.05) and total self-criticism (P = 0.009). Multiple linear regression analyses revealed that anxiety in everyday life, body appreciation and comparative self-criticism scales were significantly positively associated with oral health status (r2 = 0.144; F = 3.436, P = 0.001), while body appreciation was related also to gingival health-related status (r2 = 0.087; F = 1.943, P = 0.057). When oral health behaviors were evaluated, it was shown that gender and body appreciation scale were positively associated with toothbrushing frequency (P < 0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that there is an increased risk for impaired dental health status and behaviour among subjects with low levels of body appreciation and high levels of self-criticism. SN - 1220-4749 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19480301/Is_it_an_association_between_body_appreciation_self_criticism_oral_health_status_and_oral_health_related_behaviors DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -