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Activity and contents of polyphenolic antioxidants in the whole fruit, flesh and peel of three apple cultivars.
Arch Latinoam Nutr. 2009 Mar; 59(1):101-6.AL

Abstract

The concentration of polyphenolic compounds, such as flavanols and anthocyanins, and the antioxidant activity in apples (Malus domestica Borkh) seem to differ with cultivar, maturity stage, environmental conditions and the part of the fruit. In this work, the total phenolic, flavanol and anthocyanin content and antioxidant activity were measured in the flesh, whole fruit and peel from apple cultivars Fuji, Epagri COOP24 and Epagri F5P283 cultivated in Southern Brazil. Total phenolic content assayed by Folin-Ciocalteu method, flavanol by modified p-dimethylaminocinnamaldehyde method, anthocyanin content by pH differential method and antioxidant activity measured using ABTS assay. One-way analysis of variance, Tukey's test and correlation analysis were performed. Within each cultivar, the total phenolic, flavanol and anthocyanin contents and antioxidant activity were highest in the peels, followed by the whole fruit and the flesh. In the peel, whole fruit and flesh the Epagri F5P283 apple had the highest total phenolic contents and the highest total antioxidant activity, while that Epagri COOP24 was highest in flavanols and anthocyanins. Total phenolic content was positively associated with total antioxidant activity in flesh, whole fruit and peel. These results demonstrate that phenolic compounds have a significant contribution to the total antioxidant activity which varies considerably depending of the part of the fruit and of the apple cultivar analyzed.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Food Science and Technology, Federal University of Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, SC, Brazil.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19480352

Citation

Vieira, Francilene Gracieli Kunradi, et al. "Activity and Contents of Polyphenolic Antioxidants in the Whole Fruit, Flesh and Peel of Three Apple Cultivars." Archivos Latinoamericanos De Nutricion, vol. 59, no. 1, 2009, pp. 101-6.
Vieira FG, Borges Gda S, Copetti C, et al. Activity and contents of polyphenolic antioxidants in the whole fruit, flesh and peel of three apple cultivars. Arch Latinoam Nutr. 2009;59(1):101-6.
Vieira, F. G., Borges, G. d. a. . S., Copetti, C., Gonzaga, L. V., Nunes, E. d. a. . C., & Fett, R. (2009). Activity and contents of polyphenolic antioxidants in the whole fruit, flesh and peel of three apple cultivars. Archivos Latinoamericanos De Nutricion, 59(1), 101-6.
Vieira FG, et al. Activity and Contents of Polyphenolic Antioxidants in the Whole Fruit, Flesh and Peel of Three Apple Cultivars. Arch Latinoam Nutr. 2009;59(1):101-6. PubMed PMID: 19480352.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Activity and contents of polyphenolic antioxidants in the whole fruit, flesh and peel of three apple cultivars. AU - Vieira,Francilene Gracieli Kunradi, AU - Borges,Graciele da Silva Campelo, AU - Copetti,Cristiane, AU - Gonzaga,Luciano Valdemiro, AU - Nunes,Eduardo da Costa, AU - Fett,Roseane, PY - 2009/6/2/entrez PY - 2009/6/2/pubmed PY - 2009/11/17/medline SP - 101 EP - 6 JF - Archivos latinoamericanos de nutricion JO - Arch Latinoam Nutr VL - 59 IS - 1 N2 - The concentration of polyphenolic compounds, such as flavanols and anthocyanins, and the antioxidant activity in apples (Malus domestica Borkh) seem to differ with cultivar, maturity stage, environmental conditions and the part of the fruit. In this work, the total phenolic, flavanol and anthocyanin content and antioxidant activity were measured in the flesh, whole fruit and peel from apple cultivars Fuji, Epagri COOP24 and Epagri F5P283 cultivated in Southern Brazil. Total phenolic content assayed by Folin-Ciocalteu method, flavanol by modified p-dimethylaminocinnamaldehyde method, anthocyanin content by pH differential method and antioxidant activity measured using ABTS assay. One-way analysis of variance, Tukey's test and correlation analysis were performed. Within each cultivar, the total phenolic, flavanol and anthocyanin contents and antioxidant activity were highest in the peels, followed by the whole fruit and the flesh. In the peel, whole fruit and flesh the Epagri F5P283 apple had the highest total phenolic contents and the highest total antioxidant activity, while that Epagri COOP24 was highest in flavanols and anthocyanins. Total phenolic content was positively associated with total antioxidant activity in flesh, whole fruit and peel. These results demonstrate that phenolic compounds have a significant contribution to the total antioxidant activity which varies considerably depending of the part of the fruit and of the apple cultivar analyzed. SN - 0004-0622 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19480352/Activity_and_contents_of_polyphenolic_antioxidants_in_the_whole_fruit_flesh_and_peel_of_three_apple_cultivars_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/antioxidants.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -